Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?


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Agrandir Relecture du sujet : Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 12 mai 2021, 14:13

suite de ce post du 9 nov 2019 : http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 7#p2291367
Eramet fait un pas vers l’extraction du lithium en Alsace

Usine Nouvelle 12 mai 2021

Le groupe minier et métallurgique français Eramet a validé le fonctionnement de son projet pilote d’extraction de lithium des saumures géothermiques en Alsace. Il doit encore en évaluer la viabilité économique.

Et si le lithium des batteries électriques produites en Europe était à l’avenir « made in France » ? Le groupe minier Eramet a franchi une étape dans son projet d’exploiter le métal présent dans les saumures géothermales du sous-sol alsacien. Début 2021, le groupe a réussi à extraire du carbonate de lithium dans son unité pilote implantée sur la centrale géothermique d’Electricité de Strasbourg à Rittershoffen (Bas-Rhin). En fonctionnement depuis cinq ans, la centrale n’était pas concernée par l’arrêt des opérations de géothermie profonde décidée en décembre par la préfecture du Bas-Rhin.
(suite abonnés)
https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/e ... e.N1092269
Eramet extracts lithium in Europe

Michael McCrae Tuesday May 11, 2021

Eramet announced Tuesday that it succeeded in extracting lithium from geothermal brine at the Rittershoffen geothermal power plant in the Rhine Rift Valley.

The pilot-scale test was conducted in early 2021. The Rittershoffen heat plant is located in the North of Alsace, France.

The company said it used an innovative extraction process that is different from conventional methods, which rely on evaporation. Eramet said its process minimizes water consumption while achieving an 85% yield compared to a conventional processing method, which only achieves 50% yield.

"Eramet's teams used the groundbreaking direct lithium extraction process developed as part of its Centenario Lithium project, which aims to extract lithium from the brines contained in a salar in Argentina," writes the company.

"This process, for which several patents have been granted, is based on an innovative material developed by Eramet and IFP Energies nouvelles (IFPEN). It has been adapted to work with hot brines under the pressure conditions used to produce heat and electricity in the Rhine Rift Valley."
https://www.kitco.com/news/2021-05-11/E ... urope.html

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 09 mai 2021, 23:26

La Bolivie lance un appel international à coopération pour l'extraction de son Lithium.
Bolivia launches call for lithium extraction
Bolivia has launched a second international call, after a first attempt failed in 2019, to seek potential investors for its huge lithium resources.


Bolivia has announced plans to resume lithium extraction, according to a statement issued by the Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energy and state-owned Yacimientos de Litio Bolivianos (YLB) last week.

The call is aimed at companies that have direct lithium-extraction technology (EDL) and that can conduct pilot tests at the Uyuni, Coipasa and Pastos Grandes salt flats, the Bolivian government said.

International players such as Russia's Uranium 1G, China's Gangfeng Lithium and TBEA, and U.S.-based EnergyX recently participated in an online meeting that YLB and the ministry held with potential investors. Experts at the meeting outlined the characteristics of EDL technology.

“EDL technology is a step toward innovation that will provide important opportunities to generate technical and technological growth and that is what we are here to present today,” said Minister of Hydrocarbons and Energy Franklin Molina.

This is the second attempt to exploit lithium in Bolivia. YLB and Germany's ACI Systems agreed in October 2019 to set up a joint venture to exploit lithium from Bolivia. Around $1.2 billion was to be invested in a high-tech complex at the Uyuni salt flat, with the main product to be lithium-ion batteries. Under the terms of their agreement, YLB was set to take a 51% stake in the joint venture. Just a month later, however, the government stopped the project by decree, without giving any explanation.

In April 2018, the Bolivian authorities said that ACI Systems had been chosen to commercialize Bolivian lithium from among the eight expressions of interest the government had received. The agreement would have had a duration of 70 years.

Salar de Uyuni is believed to be the world's largest lithium deposit. The original plan was to produce 30,000 to 40,000 tons of lithium hydroxide a year from 2022, with investments of €300 million to €400 million.
https://www.pv-magazine.com/2021/05/04/ ... xtraction/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 09 mai 2021, 10:29

suite de ce post du 27 octobre 2019 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 4#p2290654

l'investiseur chinois dans le projet de Lithium de Bacanora à Sonora,Mexique, propose de tout racheter !

China’s Ganfeng submits $264.5m buyout offer for Bacanora Lithium

07 May 2021

Bacanora’s independent directors, who consider Ganfeng’s offer as ‘attractive’, intend to recommend the deal to shareholders once it becomes a formal proposal. The possible deal would be subject to Chinese authorities’ approval.

According to the latest offer, Ganfeng will acquire the remaining shares in Bacanora at 67.5p per share. The deal values Bacanora Lithium at up to £267m.

In February 2021, Ganfeng said that it will raise its stake in Bacanora from 17.41% to 28.88%. This deal is planned to be completed soon.

During the same month, Ganfeng signed a joint venture agreement with Bacanora for the development of the Sonora Lithium Project in Mexico.

The JV agreement has been signed after Ganfeng exercised its option to increase its stake to 50% from 22.5% in Sonora Lithium (SLL), the holding company of the lithium project.

The China-based firm is the cornerstone investor and offtake partner of Bacanora.

Ganfeng will acquire the additional 27.5% stake in SLL by providing £21.8m in funding, which will be used towards the development of the Sonora project.

The latest Ganfeng offer to Bacanora comes amid the surging price of lithium, a key electric vehicle battery ingredient, following a three-year downturn, triggering a wave of agreements in the sector.
https://www.mining-technology.com/news/ ... a-lithium/

et; Ganfeng possede 50% des parts dans le projet Sonora Lithium :
https://www.mining.com/ganfeng-lithium- ... 6-5m-deal/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 04 mai 2021, 01:18

Vulcan Energy Ressource a un site,
j'obtiens sur leur site cette information :
https://v-er.com/focus-europe/#:~:text= ... 0to%20come.

Through wells into the deep sub-surface, hot, lithium-rich brine from our project area is pumped to the surface.

We will use renewable heat derived from our geothermal brine to drive the lithium extraction process, with no fossil fuel consumption.
We will produce a surplus of renewable energy, decarbonising the grid.
We will produce a unique, premium, battery-quality Zero Carbon Lithium® hydroxide product for EVs.
The spent brine then gets re-injected in a closed-loop cycle.


Bon, je vois le genre , AMHA 4~5 ans pour faire une unité pilote, 8~10 ans pour faire une usine industrielle .........
et quelques ennuis typiques de la géothermie comme des petits séismes suscitant de l' opposition locale.

A suivre.

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 04 mai 2021, 01:12

La start up Vulcan Energy Ressources fait des déclaration fracassantes :
Germany plans to mine boiling-hot lithium deep beneath the Rhine River

Reuters 2 may 2021

A With an eye on rapidly rising demand from Germany's electric vehicle industry, power and mining companies alike are striving to bring to the surface lithium trapped in underground springs of boiling hot water thousands of meters below the Rhine river.

Straddling an area 300 kilometers (186.41 miles) long and up to 40 kilometers wide, the Upper-Rhine Valley in the Black Forest area of southwestern Germany holds enough lithium for more than 400 million electric cars, geologists have estimated, making it one of the world's biggest deposits.

It could reduce the reliance of the German car industry, also located in southwestern Germany, on imported lithium and early-stage talks are under way with the auto manufacturers.

But skeptics question the economics and are also troubled by possible local opposition, which can be more vociferous in densely-populated Europe than in remote Australia or the deserts of South America that have been the source of lithium supplies to date.

Undeterred, German-Australian start-up Vulcan Energy Resources says it can deliver carbon-neutral lithium, based on extraction using geothermal energy harnessed by up to five power stations it plans to construct.

German utility EnBW already has geothermal power stations and is exploring whether lithium can be a profitable by-product.

"The lithium deposit we're talking about here is gigantic and its properties are ideal for our goal of producing high-quality lithium on a large industrial scale in Germany," Vulcan Energy Resources co-founder Horst Kreuter told Reuters.

The company plans to invest 1.7 billion euros ($2 billion), of which it has so far raised about 75 million euros, to build geothermal power stations and facilities to extract the lithium.

It says it could be extracting 15,000 tons of lithium hydroxide per year at two sites by 2024 and then, in a second phase from 2025 onwards, it targets an output of 40,000 tons per year at up to three additional sites.

Kreuter says he is already in talks with cathode and battery manufacturers, as well as the car industry.

He has powerful backing from Hancock Prospecting, led by Executive Chairman Gina Rinehart, one of Australia's leading investors.

In an emailed statement, Hancock Prospecting said it was focusing on lithium projects with "the potential to produce a high-quality product at a competitive cost" and was supporting Vulcan in its development of a pilot plant.

en entier https://www.msn.com/en-us/autos/news/ge ... NewsSearch

Gina Rinehart dont il est question dans le texte est la femme la plus riche d' Australie avec 20 à 30 milliards de dollars de fortune.

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 30 avr. 2021, 19:34

Lithium: un pari stratégique pour les Américains

Publié le : 22/04/2021 RFI

Les sous-sols américains sont très riches en lithium, mais les États-Unis ne produisent que 1% de la production mondiale annuelle. La donne pourrait changer : en février dernier, le président américain a publié un décret ordonnant un examen stratégique des chaînes d'approvisionnement en ressources critiques, notamment le lithium, essentiel à la croissance du secteur des véhicules électriques.

Le lithium est un élément clé des batteries rechargeables des véhicules électriques et les constructeurs automobiles américains se sont engagés à convertir l'essentiel de leur flotte au cours des deux prochaines décennies. L’administration américaine est, pour sa part, préoccupée de la dépendance actuelle des États-Unis vis-à-vis de l’Australie, du Chili et de la Chine pour l’approvisionnement en lithium. Le gouvernement dénonce une « vulnérabilité stratégique » pour l'économie américaine.

Tout concourt donc a priori pour conduire à l’essor de la production de lithium américain, d’autant que le sous-sol en est riche. Mais l’extraction du matériau est complexe et coûteuse, ce qui a jusqu'ici limité les investissements. Cela est en train de changer : la société Piedmont Lithium, en Caroline du Nord, se prépare à ouvrir l'une des premières grandes mines de lithium aux États-Unis depuis des décennies. La société prévoit d’investir plus de 500 millions de dollars et a annoncé avoir déjà signé un accord pour fournir le constructeur Tesla.

Un pari financier

D'autres explorations sont en cours dans les sous-sols du Nevada, de la Californie et de l’Arkansas. Un pari financier, car aux prix actuels, le lithium américain est trop cher à extraire, donc peu compétitif. Mais Piedmont mise sur une hausse des prix : les analystes s'attendent en effet à ce que la croissance des voitures électriques fasse tripler la demande de lithium au cours des cinq prochaines années, dépassant de loin l'offre actuelle. Une fois opérationnelle, Piedmont Lithium prévoit de produire 22 700 tonnes de matériau raffiné. Cela sera bien supérieur à la production américaine actuelle, mais toujours insuffisant pour répondre à la demande prévue.
https://www.rfi.fr/fr/podcasts/chroniqu ... %A9ricains

au sujet de Piedmont Lithium voir ce post du 4 avril 2021 : http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 3#p2316713

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 23 avr. 2021, 16:59

Méga fusion dans le Lithium, l' australien Galaxy Resources et l' argentin Orocobre annoncent leur fusion.
L'ensemble devient le numéro 5 mondial du Lithium
Lithium Mega-Merger Creates New $3 Billion Company

By MINING.com - Apr 19, 2021

Australian lithium miners Galaxy Resources (ASX:GXY) and Orocobre (ASX:ORE) have agreed to a merger that would create a $3.1 billion (A$4bn) company, set to be the world’s fifth largest producer of lithium chemicals, the refined form of the raw material used to make electric vehicle (EV) batteries.

The business combination, the biggest mining sector deal of the year so far, will unlock significant synergies for the new company, the miners said.

“The logic of this merger is compelling,” Orocobre chairman, Robert Hubbard, who becomes deputy chairman of the yet to be formally named new company, said in the media statement.

Orocobre produces lithium carbonate at its Olaroz operation in Argentina, while Galaxy has a mine in Australia and growth projects in Canada and South America.

The deal values Galaxy at about A$3.53 a share, a 2.2% discount to Friday’s close, and has the backing of both company boards.

Orocobre will offer 0.569 of its shares for every Galaxy share and will own 54.2% of the merged company, with Galaxy holding 45.8%. Orocobre was advised on the deal by UBS, while Galaxy’s adviser was Standard Chartered.

“The merger consolidates the combined group’s position in Argentina and will give us significant operational, technical and financial flexibility to deliver the full value of our combined portfolio,” Martín Pérez de Solay, current chief executive officer and managing director of Orocobre, said.

“From Galaxy’s perspective, we were looking for a partner which had deep in-country Argentinian experience and we’ve got that in Orocobre,” said Simon Hay, Galaxy’s CEO, who will take on the role of president of international business at the new company.

The only lithium chemical firms that would have a bigger market capitalization than the merged Orocobre and Galaxy are China’s Ganfeng Lithium, Albemarle, SQM and Tianqi. The next biggest companies are Australia’s Pilbara Minerals, US firm Livent and Canada’s Lithium Americas.

Galaxy Resources and Orocobre both have lithium projects in Argentina. (From companies’ presentation.)
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-Gene ... mpany.html

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 23 avr. 2021, 11:14

suite de ce post du 1er nov 2020 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 6#p2311456
Millennial Lithium achieves high purity battery-grade lithium at Argentinian project

Millennial Lithium announced that it was able to produce lithium carbonate of battery-grade purity from the first batch of brine processed through the company’s pilot plant at its Pastos Grandes project in Argentina.

Millennial said the plant produced lithium carbonate with a purity of 99.96%, just a bit over the typical battery-grade quality lithium carbonate of > 99.5% purity.

According to the Canadian company, the brine feedstock was derived from the production well PGMW17-04 on the Pastos Grandes Salar, which was pumped to ponds that concentrate the lithium carbonate by solar evaporation.

In detail, the pilot plant initially produces a first stage lithium carbonate, whose technical grade is basic battery-grade and which can be further purified by recrystallization using the addition of CO2 in order to make a lithium bicarbonate solution. This solution is filtered to remove final impurities, heated, the CO2 recovered and lithium carbonate recrystallize as consistent battery-quality lithium carbonate.

With this first batch, Millennial said it was able to achieve battery-grade quality lithium carbonate at the completion of the basic stage and a premium quality battery-grade at the completion of the purification process.

Work at the Pastos Grandes project. (Image courtesy of Millennial Lithium).

Even though the field team conducted analytical work first at the project development park laboratory, check analyses were later performed by Kemetco Research, which also conducted physical testing, including particle size determination and a scanning electron microscope study for crystal habit determination.

“The analytical results from this first batch indicate battery-grade lithium carbonate can be produced prior to the CO2 purification stage, and with CO2 purification, we have the potential to produce a superior premium BG lithium carbonate product which may command a price premium,” Farhad Abasov, Millennial Lithium’s president and CEO, said in a press release. “We have also demonstrated that we have the option to produce a high-quality technical grade and battery-grade product at a lower cost than estimated in the company’s feasibility study using the basic processing.”

Located in the northwestern part of Argentina, Pastos Grandes covers over 12,619 hectares. To date, Millennial has invested over $40 million in exploration and development work on the property, which includes 22 completed exploration/monitoring wells, four pumping test production wells, pilot ponds, the pilot plant as well as a year-round camp supported by a hybrid solar power system.
https://www.northernminer.com/fast-news ... 003830329/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 23 avr. 2021, 10:01

La Bourse de Chicago s'apprête à lancer des contrats à terme sur le lithium : un métal très utilisé dans la conception des batteries qu'on retrouve notamment dans les véhicules électriques. Les explications de Laurent Grassin, Directeur de la rédaction Boursorama. Ecorama du 22 avril 2021, présenté par David Jacquot sur Boursorama.com

vidéo 8 mn :
https://www.boursorama.com/videos/actua ... c2cf03a2d3

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 18 avr. 2021, 11:06

suite de ce post du 4 juillet 2020 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... a#p2306366

Encore du Lithium repéré en adjacent du projet Ewoyaa au Ghana.
IronRidge reports high lithium grades at Ghana project

MINING.COM Staff Writer | April 14, 2021

(Image courtesy of IronRidge Resources).

IronRidge Resources (AIM: IRR) reported multiple high-grade lithium pegmatite drill intersections at new targets adjacent to the Ewoyaa lithium project in Ghana, where the company has defined a JORC (2012) compliant mineral resource estimate of 14.5Mt at 1.31% Li2O in the inferred and indicated category, including 4.5Mt at 1.39% Li2O in the indicated category.

In a press release, the miner said that among relevant results, the highest reported grade to date yielded 4% Li2O over 1m in hole GRC0219 from 62m depth. This was followed by GRC0221 over 36m at 1.44% Li2O from 83m, including 10m at 1.8% Li2O from 87m.

“We are very pleased with the ongoing results received, which have confirmed high-grades and mineralisation continuity over 400m of strike, with true mineralised pegmatite widths up to 25m which remains open at depth and along strike to the east,” Vincent Mascolo, IronRidge CEO, said in the media brief.

“We have seen our highest grade, of over 4% Li2O, intersected to date at the ELP. Drilling is ongoing with approximately 10,000m of the expanded 16,500m completed.”

According to Mascolo, management is confident that additional targets tested in an upcoming 4,000-metre drilling campaign will increase the resource scale and improve project economics.

“Targeting a plus 10-year mine life, it is estimated that every additional year of production will add $40 million in NPV per annum on a scoping study that has defined a post-tax NPV of $345 million over an 8-year LOM,” the executive said.
https://www.mining.com/ironridge-encour ... n-project/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 18 avr. 2021, 11:00

Encore un nouveau prospect de Lithium aux USA, dans le Nevada.
Iconic Minerals ready for permitting Bonnie Claire lithium project

MINING.COM Staff Writer | April 15, 2021

Iconic Minerals (TSXV: ICM) announced it has begun total project scale permitting at the Bonnie Claire lithium property located 48 kilometers north of Beatty, Nevada.

In a press release, the Canadian miner said that the permit, known as a “plan of operation,” will allow exploration and development of the project for the next several years. The plan includes the building of an all-weather access road into the project site and a facility site, as well as licenses to conduct trenching for bulk samples and access to 39 proposed future drill sites.

The Bonnie Claire property is located within Sarcobatus Valley, which is approximately 30 kilometers long and 20 kilometers wide. According to Iconic Minerals, quartz-rich volcanic tuffs containing anomalous amounts of lithium occur within and adjacent to the valley.

“Drill results from the salt flat have included lithium values as high as 2550 ppm Li and a 1560 foot (roughly 475 meters) vertical intercept that averaged 1153 ppm Li. The current 43-101 report on the project notes that, with a cutoff grade of 600 ppm Li and an average grade of 1,027 ppm Li, one square mile contains an inferred resource of 5.025 billion kilograms Li,” the media brief states.
https://www.mining.com/iconic-minerals- ... m-project/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 10 avr. 2021, 16:38

cours du carbonate de Lithium :


source : https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-Gene ... Rally.html

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 05 avr. 2021, 10:46

Vidéo de 39 mn trés recent (mars 2021) en français sur le Lithium

par Jérémie Melleton qui travaille au BRGM


Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 05 avr. 2021, 10:36


10.02.2021 IFP Energie Nouvelles
lire : https://www.ifpenergiesnouvelles.fr/art ... ressources

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 05 avr. 2021, 10:23

Je me suis mis en suivi de #Lithium sur Linkedin :)

https://www.linkedin.com/feed/hashtag/? ... %23Lithium

5186 abonnés.

Il y a des pointures sur le sujet.