Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?


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Agrandir Relecture du sujet : Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 19 sept. 2021, 16:07

suite de ce post du 11 oct 2020 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 0#p2310360

Redwood Materials Inc qui s'était lancé dans le recyclage des batteries aux US cachait bien son jeu, voila maintenant que le pdg, un ancien de Tesla, déclare qu'il veut lancer une gigafactory de batteries Lithium d'un cout de plus de 1 milliard de dollars
A Tesla co-founder aims to build an entire US battery industry

Bloomberg News | September 14, 2021 |

Redwood Materials Inc., the battery recycling company created by Tesla Inc. co-founder J.B. Straubel, has been keeping a big secret: It isn’t really a recycling company.

Sure, Redwood has risen quickly to become the biggest lithium-ion battery recycler in the U.S.. But Straubel didn’t leave Tesla in 2019 just to clean out America’s junk drawers. His broader goal, described to Bloomberg for the first time, is to move a huge chunk of the battery-component industry from Asia to the U.S.

“It’s both inspiring and terrifying to see so many nations and car companies announcing their shift to electric vehicles,” Straubel said. “But there’s a massive gap in what needs to happen.”

To fill that gap, Straubel has set out to build one of the largest battery materials factories in the world. Redwood, which currently operates three facilities in Nevada, is searching for a location farther east to build a new million-square-foot factory. At a cost of well over $1 billion, according to Straubel, the addition will enable Redwood to become a major U.S. producer of cathodes. (Every battery has two electrodes — an anode and a cathode — between which trillions of charged lithium atoms travel. It’s the cathode that largely determines a battery’s cost, performance and environmental footprint.)

Straubel says the U.S. factory will produce material for 100 gigawatt hours of batteries a year by the end of 2025. That’s enough for about 1.3 million long-range vehicles a year, on par with the biggest producers in Asia. By 2030, the same facility will ramp up to 500 gigawatt hours a year, he says. At today’s prices, that’s $25 billion of cathodes a year. Redwood plans to build a similar operation in Europe by 2023.

“These numbers sound insane, but when you look at what the market needs, I’m like holy cow — is this even aggressive enough?” Straubel says. “Somebody’s got to do this. In fact, we need at least four companies doing similarly aggressive, crazy things all in the same timeline.”


The not-just-recycling company

Straubel left Tesla, in part, because of his growing alarm over a looming choke point in the global supply chain. Car companies were finally paying attention to battery manufacturing, he said, but were less interested in the “less sexy” components that go into them. Redwood is pursuing three types of operation: recycling, manufacturing copper foils for anodes, and producing cathodes. Recycling is done at headquarters in Carson City, Nevada. The company recently broke ground on a 100-acre site in Story County, Nevada, to make the delicate copper foils, a component in short supply. A cathode factory will be its biggest endeavor by far, Straubel says.

The company’s target of 100 GWh in 2025 means it can no longer rely on recycled materials alone. Unlike some consumer electronics, there’s a long lag between when electric cars are made and when their batteries are ready to be recycled. The reuse of packs in secondary applications can delay that further. Today, electric cars account for less than 10% of Redwood’s recycling stock. “We’re going to push the recycled percent as high as possible, but that is really going to be dependent on the availability of recycled materials,” Straubel said. “If we end up consuming 50% or more of virgin raw materials, that’s fine.”

In the decades to come, Straubel is confident that recycled materials will be used for “close to 100%” of the world’s battery production. Recycling is already profitable, he said, and eventually companies that don’t integrate recycling with refining and production won’t be able to compete on cost. Challengers are equally confident in the outlook, including Worcester, Massachusetts-based Battery Resourcers Inc., Canada startup Li-Cycle Holdings Corp. and industry incumbents like China’s GEM Co.


long article : https://www.mining.com/web/a-tesla-co-f ... -industry/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 19 sept. 2021, 15:51

le 18 juillet 2021 energy_isere a écrit :
18 juil. 2021, 12:18
J'ai parlé à plusieurs reprise du mineur Canadien Millenial Lithium s'interessant au Lihtium en Argentine http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 1#p2317801
et bien le Chinois Ganfeng veut faire une OPA dessus !

Ganfeng to offer to buy Millennial Lithium for up to $280m
voila maintenant que le Chinois CATL fait aussi des propositions et surencherit !
CATL said to be mystery bidder for Canada’s Millennial Lithium

Bloomberg News | September 15, 2021

A bidding war is heating up for Canadian miner Millennial Lithium Corp. as Chinese firms compete to secure key elements needed for electric-vehicle batteries.

Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Ltd., the world’s largest maker of EV batteries, is the mystery suitor behind a C$377 million ($298 million) offer for Vancouver-based Millennial, people with knowledge of the matter said, asking not to be identified as the information is private.

Millennial said on Sept. 8 it had received an unsolicited, non-binding proposal of C$3.85 per share from a foreign lithium battery production company it didn’t name. The latest bid follows a July announcement by China’s Ganfeng Lithium Co. that it was buying Millennial for C$353 million or C$3.60 per share.

Millennial’s assets have also attracted interest from China Molybdenum Co., the people said. China Molybdenum could consider joining Ningde, Fujian-based CATL in any bid, one of the people said.
https://www.mining.com/web/catl-said-to ... l-lithium/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 19 sept. 2021, 15:45

suite de ce post du 25 juillet 2021 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 3#p2323273

Vulcan Energy trouve du financement pour 200 millions de dollars Australien. Ca sera affecté au développement du Lithium en Europe.
Vulcan Energy gets firm commitments for $146.58m discounted placement

Reuters | September 15, 2021

German-Australian lithium miner Vulcan Energy Resources Ltd said on Thursday it had received firm commitments for its A$200 million ($146.58 million) institutional placement, backed strongly by shareholders including Hancock Prospecting.

The placement at an offer price of A$13.50 a share is a 15.1% discount to the last close of A$15.90 on Monday.

Vulcan, backed in part by Australian investor Gina Rinehart’s Hancock Prospecting, also intends to raise up to another A$20 million from existing investors through a share purchase plan at the same price as the placement, the company said.

Funds raised would be used to progress Vulcan’s zero carbon lithium development in Europe, which has an offtake deal with the battery unit of South Korea’s LG Chem Ltd.
https://www.mining.com/web/vulcan-energ ... placement/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 05 sept. 2021, 09:39

suite de 2 posts au dessus.
Covalent secures land for Australian lithium refinery

02 Sep 2021

The Kwinana refinery will have the capacity to produce around 50,000t of lithium hydroxide each year.

Covalent Lithium has secured land for the construction of the Kwinana lithium refinery in the Kwinana Strategic Industrial Area (SIA), Western Australia (WA).

A lease agreement for the 40ha site in SIA, 15km south of Fremantle Port, for the refinery has been signed with the state government.

WA State Development, Jobs and Trade Minister Roger Cook: “The Kwinana SIA is already home to major chemical, energy and resource-based processing operations.

“The investment by Covalent Lithium reinforces the importance of the government’s commitment to establishing a globally advanced manufacturing hub for the industrial corridor between Henderson and Rockingham.”

The Kwinana refinery will be equipped to produce around 50,000t of lithium hydroxide each year. This would annually support up to one million electric vehicles.

It forms part of the integrated Mount Holland Lithium project, which also includes the development of the open-pit Mt Holland mine and concentrator for producing battery quality lithium hydroxide.

WA Lands Minister Tony Buti: “The Kwinana SIA sits in the heart of the State’s premier heavy industrial zone, with access to the Fremantle Port and major road and rail networks.”

Covalent Lithium, a 50:50 JV of Wesfarmers and Sociedad Quimica y Minera de Chile (SQM), is responsible for the development of the Mount Holland Lithium project.
https://www.mining-technology.com/news/ ... -refinery/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 05 sept. 2021, 09:23

suite de ce post du 13 juin 2021 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 1#p2320931
Cornish Lithium trialling DLE technologies

JUN 08, 2021

Cornish Lithium, a pioneering mineral exploration and development company headquartered in Cornwall, UK, has completed construction of its United Downs Geothermal Water Test Site.

Cornish Lithium has also installed its first demonstration plant to trial environmentally-responsible Direct Lithium Extraction (DLE) process technologies. The company has also made significant progress towards defining its maiden Resource estimate at its lithium in hard rock Trelavour Project.
https://miningglobal.com/technology/cor ... chnologies

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 29 août 2021, 12:04

suite de ce post du 15 sept 2019 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 0#p2287840

L'Australien IGO espère produire du Lithium de haute qualité fin Q1 2022 à l'usine de Kwinana (Australie).
Ils ambitionnent 24 000 tonnes à la fin 2022.
Tianqi, IGO produce first Australian lithium hydroxide for batteries

Reuters | August 22, 2021

A joint venture between Tianqi Lithium and IGO Ltd has produced Australia’s first batch of lithium hydroxide, as demand for the chemical used in electric-vehicle (EV) batteries is set to gain speed, IGO said on Monday.

IGO gave debt-laden Tianqi a lifeline late last year when it agreed to pay $1.4 billion for a stake in the Chinese company’s Australian lithium assets, namely the Kwinana processing plant and the world’s biggest lithium mine, Greenbushes, both in Western Australia.

Tianqi had postponed commissioning of the Kwinana hydroxide plant in March 2020, citing liquidity problems, after a precipitous fall in lithium prices blamed on oversupply. Lithium prices are up sharply in 2021 on resurgent demand.

“We first ran some spodumene through the calcination oven and then through all of the various steps. That culminated … in getting some lithium product out of the last step to produce the first lithium hydroxide,” Chief Executive Peter Bradford told Reuters on Friday. Spodumene is the name for hard-rock lithium.

Lithium hydroxide is used to make cathodes for lithium-ion batteries that power electric vehicles.

Perth-based IGO expects to be producing a saleable lithium hydroxide product by the end of 2021, and a high-quality battery grade product by the March quarter next year, Bradford said.

The Kwinana plant is expected to reach its initial 24,000 tonne per year (tpy) capacity by the end of 2022, with another 24,000 tpy expansion to commission in 2024 before doubling that capacity again to 96,000 tonnes in the following years.

“All indicators are that the EV thematic is growing at a far faster rate that people have estimated,” Bradford said.

“We believe that with the demand there, there is going to be a desire to build out our lithium hydroxide capacity.”

While all production from the first phase has been sold, the Kwinana partners are talking to potential customers, including automakers, for later stage production, he added.

IGO, which also produces nickel and cobalt, is also involved in a state government-led project to move further into the battery supply chain to produce cathode active materials, which mix battery minerals together in various ratios.

IGO said on Thursday it was in preliminary talks to acquire Australian nickel miner Western Areas Ltd.

However, interests associated with mining billionaire Andrew Forrest raised their stake in the firm on Friday as the race heats up to secure raw materials key to the battery industry.
https://www.mining.com/web/tianqi-igo-p ... batteries/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 29 août 2021, 10:49

suite de ce post du 9 mai 2021 : http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 4#p2318794

Le chinois Ganfeng devrait prendre la main sur Bacanora Lithium au Mexique avec une offre plus alléchante:
Bacanora Lithium accepts Ganfeng’s $391 million takeover offer

Cecilia Jamasmie | August 27, 2021

China’s Ganfeng Lithium, one of the world’s top producers of the battery metal, is going ahead with the takeover of Bacanora Lithium (LON: BCN) as the Mexico-focused explorer and developer has accepted a sweetened £284.8 million (about $391m) cash offer.

Ganfeng increased its original bid, submitted in early May, to 73.6 pence per Bacanora share in cash and Germany-focused Zinnwald (LON: ZNWD) shares, in which Bacanora holds a 36% stake. This compares with Ganfeng’s previous offer of 67.5 pence per share in cash.

As part of the deal, Bacanora shareholders will be entitled to receive 67.5 pence in cash and a distribution of the UK-based miner’s stake in Zinnwald at a ratio of 0.23589 Zinnwald shares for each Bacanora share.

With the addition of those shares, the Chinese group’s offer represents a 63% premium to Bacanora’s closing share price on May 5.

The bid, which would add the Sonora project in Mexico to Ganfeng’s global portfolio of lithium assets, comes as soaring lithium prices have triggered a wave of deals in the sector, including the recent mega-merger of Australia’s Galaxy Resources (ASX: GXY) and Orocobre (ASX: ORE).

Ganfeng’s improved offer has overcome a number of potential obstacles to a deal, including meeting all pre-conditions outlined in the May announcement and securing Chinese authorities’ approval.

The deal still needs the support of shareholders owning more than 50% of Bacanora and the Mexican antitrust approval.

Following the original offer, a group of more than 400 investors orchestrated a campaign to block the deal, calling the offer derisory. But the revised bid has the backing of M&G Recovery Fund, which holds a 14% stake in Bacanora, Ganfeng said.

Prices for lithium in China have jumped more than 100% so far this year, according to Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, on the back of an expected demand increase from the electric vehicles (EVs) sector.

Ganfeng, which already had a 50% stake in Bacanora’s Mexican project, holds interests in mines in Australia, Argentina and Canada and around 70,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate equivalent of annual conversion capacity in China.

The Sonora mine, expected to begin production in 2023, will produce 35,000 tonnes of lithium per year once at full tilt.

https://www.mining.com/bacanora-lithium ... ver-offer/

La mainmise des chinois sur le Lithium mondial continue.

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 28 août 2021, 11:25

suite de ce post du 14 dec 2019 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 6#p2293256
Zimbabwe : Prospect Resources cherche des partenaires pour financer la construction de la mine de lithium Arcadia

Agence Ecofin 24 aout 2021

Ces derniers mois, Firefinch et IronRidge ont conclu des accords avec des partenaires internationaux pour développer leurs projets de lithium, respectivement au Mali et au Ghana. Avec l’engouement actuel pour ce métal, Prospect ne devrait pas avoir du mal à leur emboiter le pas.

Prospect Resources recherche des partenaires pour financer entièrement la construction de la mine de lithium Arcadia. Elle a annoncé le 23 août le lancement d’un appel d’offres international et concurrentiel, précisant que le processus sera conduit par les sociétés Azure Capital et Vermilion Partners.

Selon la compagnie minière, le choix d’une telle méthode de financement devrait accélérer le développement du projet afin que la mine entre en production « le plus tôt possible ». Prospect mène actuellement une étude de faisabilité optimisée visant à réduire l’investissement nécessaire au développement d’Arcadia, par le biais d’un plan d’exploitation en deux phases. Les résultats devraient être disponibles d’ici la fin du mois de septembre 2021.

Compte tenu de la forte croissance du marché des véhicules électriques et de la demande de lithium qu’elle implique pour la fabrication des batteries lithium-ion, notons que Prospect Resources ne devrait pas avoir beaucoup de mal à trouver des investisseurs. Au cours des deux derniers mois, le chinois Ganfeng Lithium et l’américain Piedmont Lithium se sont par exemple signalés sur le continent en s’engageant à investir des millions de dollars dans le développement de deux projets de lithium en Afrique de l’Ouest.

Pour rappel, le Zimbabwe est actuellement le seul producteur africain de lithium. Si les projets Ewoyaa et Goulamina font respectivement du Ghana et du Mali de sérieux concurrents pour Harare à moyen terme, Arcadia pourrait permettre au pays de rester en tête de la course.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/metaux/240 ... um-arcadia

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 22 août 2021, 10:31

suite de ce post du 28 mars 2021 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 2#p2316342
Clayton Valley lithium project in Nevada gets federal approval for operations

MINING.com Editor | August 17, 2021

Pure Energy Minerals (TSXV: PE) announced Tuesday that Schlumberger New Energy (SNE) has received approval from the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) for a Plan of Operations covering the construction and operation of a pilot plant at Pure Energy’s Clayton Valley, Nevada, lithium brine project.

Schlumberger, Pure Energy’s partner and operator of the Clayton Valley project, has also received permit approval for the associated reclamation plan from the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Mining Regulation and Reclamation.

The Vancouver-based miner, together with SNE, is exploring and developing the 9,450-hectare Clayton Valley project, the largest mineral land holdings in the area, which adjoins and surrounds on three sides the Silver Peak lithium brine mine operated by Albemarle.

Construction and operation of the pilot plant are planned at the Clayton Valley property, located 40 miles southwest of Tonopah in Esmeralda County, Nevada, as approved by the BLM and Nevada authorities.

In March, SNE announced its plans to develop a lithium extraction pilot plant at the Clayton Valley Project through its wholly-owned subsidiary, NeoLith Energy.

The BLM approved the Plan of Operations after completion of the required engineering design, environmental studies and public comment period. Additional permit applications are in process with NDEP.

“Pure Energy is excited that this important step towards development of the Clayton Valley Project has been achieved,” Pure Energy director Mary Little said in a media statement. “We look forward to advancing the Clayton Valley Project with Schlumberger New Energy.”

SNE is developing a lithium extraction pilot plant for the project, which uses a differentiated direct lithium extraction process to enable the production of high-purity, battery-grade lithium material while reducing the production time from over a year to weeks.

Pure Energy Minerals stock surged over 11% in Toronto on the news. The company has a $43 million market capitalization.
https://www.mining.com/blm-approves-ope ... in-nevada/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 21 août 2021, 10:53

suite de ce post du 19 juin 2021 : http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 4#p2321214
Mali : la mine de lithium Goulamina entrera en production en 2023

Agence Ecofin 16 aout 2021

Depuis la conclusion en juin dernier d’un accord financier d’envergure avec le chinois Ganfeng Lithium, Firefinch n’a plus énormément d’obstacles à franchir afin d’exploiter les gisements de lithium maliens situés à Goulamina. Une décision finale d’investissement est attendue d’ici décembre 2021.

Firefinch et son partenaire Ganfeng Lithium veulent commencer la production au projet de lithium Goulamina en 2023. C’est l’annonce faite le 16 août par la compagnie minière australienne qui précise qu’une décision finale d’investissement allant dans ce sens sera prise d’ici la fin de l’année.

Cette étape franchie, les deux partenaires finaliseront la création de leur coentreprise qui sera dénommée Leo Lithium, en référence à l’animal africain dont le nom en français rappelle les batteries lithium-ion (Li-ion). La société ainsi créée deviendra le nouveau propriétaire de Goulamina et elle sera cotée sur la bourse australienne ASX au premier trimestre 2022. Ses propriétaires seront les actionnaires actuels de Firefinch qui recevront une participation proportionnelle à leurs actions dans la compagnie actuelle.

Il faut rappeler que cette volonté de séparer Goulamina des autres actifs de Firefinch s’explique par une volonté de la compagnie de se consacrer à l’exploitation aurifère, par le biais notamment de la mine d’or Morila. La création d’une nouvelle société offre également la possibilité de développer plus vite le projet Goulamina dont les travaux de construction sont déjà entièrement financés grâce à l’accord avec Ganfeng Lithium.

Notons que Goulamina n’est pas le seul projet de lithium qui se trouve à un stade plus ou moins avancé de développement. Ainsi de son côté IronRidge Resources ambitionne de faire du Ghana le premier producteur ouest-africain du métal.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/metaux/160 ... on-en-2023

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 13 août 2021, 23:28

suite de ce post du 4 nov 2018 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 8#p2274388
Canada gives environment okay for Rose lithium-tantalum project

Canadian Mining Journal Staff | August 12, 2021

The Rose lithium-tantalum project belonging to Critical Elements Lithium (TSXV: CRE) has received environmental approval from the Canadian Minister of Environment and Climate Change.

The project, located in the James Bay region of Quebec, was reviewed by a federal joint assessment committee and the government of the Cree Nation. The committee concluded that the project is not likely to cause significant adverse environmental effects when mitigation measures are taken into account. The decision includes 221 legally binding conditions which must be met as work goes forward.

Rose is a high purity spodumene project, which will produce a 6% technical grade concentrate initially for the glass and ceramics industries. Later the spodumene will be converted to battery grade lithium hydroxide for the electric vehicle and other markets. A lithium recovery rate of 87% is anticipated.

According to the feasibility study produced in 2017, the Rose mine and mill has an after-tax net present value (8% discount) of C$726 million, an after-tax internal rate of return of 34.9%, and a payback period of 2.8 years. An after-tax cash flow of C$1.6 billion is anticipated.

The open pit will be a truck and shovel operation providing 4,900 tonnes/day ore to the mill for 17 years. The initial capital cost is estimated to be C$341 million.

The deposit has 30 million indicated pit restrained tonnes grading 0.93% lithium oxide and 2 million pit constrained inferred tonnes grading 0.79% lithium oxide. A smaller portion of underground resources has also been outlined.

Critical Elements expects to begin construction this year on the mine and mill so that the first spodumene concentrate will be produced in 2023.
https://www.mining.com/canadian-governm ... m-project/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 09 août 2021, 10:43

suite de ce post du 31 juillet 2021 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 2#p2323682
Etats-Unis : la justice ouvre la voie à l’exploitation de la plus grande mine de lithium du pays
30 juillet 2021
Le tribunal fédéral de Reno aux Etats-Unis a rejeté cette semaine les recours introduits par des activistes et des écologistes contre le projet d’une mine de lithium au Tracker Pass dans l’Etat du Nevada. Si le projet se réalise, ce sera la plus importante exploitation de lithium du pays.

Les opposants ont introduit un recours devant le tribunal fédéral de Reno, siège du comté de Washoe au Nevada. La décision de la juge Miranda Du a été rendue la semaine dernière. Selon l’agence Reuters, elle a rejeté les griefs des écologistes qui, dit-elle, n’ont pas pu démontrer les atteintes irrémédiables à l’environnement que la carrière pourrait causer. « Ce ne sont que des suppositions hypothétiques » a-t-elle déclaré.

La voie n’est toutefois pas encore complètement ouverte à l’exploitation du lithium au Thaker Pass. Des fouilles devront encore déterminer si cette terre a une importance historique pour les Amérindiens du Nevada. Et la juge doit aussi rendre son verdict sur la légalité du permis octroyé par l’administration Trump. Elle a promis de communiquer sa décision d’ici le début de l’année prochaine.
https://www.revolution-energetique.com/ ... m-du-pays/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 08 août 2021, 17:48

suite de ce post du 2 aout 2021 : http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 1#p2323771

Rio Tinto va envoyer une ligne pilote de traitement de Lithium d' Australie vers la mine de Jadar.
Rio Tinto readies to ship trial lithium plant to Serbia

Reuters | August 1, 2021

Rio Tinto Ltd is set to ship a pilot lithium processing plant to Serbia from Melbourne in the coming weeks, the culmination of a decade’s research to catapult the world’s largest iron ore miner into battery minerals.

The work, undertaken at a science hub on the outskirts of Melbourne, has found a way to economically extract lithium from jadarite, a mineral that has only been found in a Serbian valley.

Rio last week hit the go button on the $2.4-billion project that will diversify the producer of iron ore, copper, aluminium and specialty minerals into a top ten lithium producer, just as demand from electric vehicle makers booms.

“It’s not a huge mine but from a lithium perspective, it’s going to be the largest producer in Europe for at least ten years and bring lithium to the market at scale,” Sinead Kaufman, Chief Executive of Rio’s Minerals division, told reporters.

Four 40-foot shipping containers of equipment will leave in the coming weeks before a nine-week sail and onward river journey.

Construction is expected to begin early next year, subject to environmental approvals, with the first production from 2026.
https://www.mining.com/web/rio-tinto-re ... to-serbia/

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 08 août 2021, 09:51

Du Lithium en Russie :
Atomredmedzoloto Plans to Mine Lithium in Kola Peninsula
Arctic Today reported that Russia’s state nuclear power company Rosatom’s mining subsidiary Atomredmedzoloto plans to start

Published on : 05 Aug, 2021

Arctic Today reported that Russia’s state nuclear power company Rosatom’s mining subsidiary Atomredmedzoloto plans to start producing lithium compounds on both the Kola Peninsula and in Irkutsk region in Siberia. nvestments in the Russian lithium mining projects are estimated at over 50 billion rubles (EUR 570 million). ARMZ does not identify where on the Kola Peninsula such lithium mining is planned, but a well-known geological area with huge amounts of rich spodumene pegmatites of lithium is the Kolmozero deposit, halfway between the Khibiny mountain plateau and the coast to the Barents Sea.

This deposit, bordering the large Murmansk Tundra state national park, is centrally located in Europe’s largest wilderness area with no infrastructure such as roads or other transport means.

Mining in remote locations is nothing new for Rosatom’s subsidiary. At Novaya Zemlya in the Russian Arctic, digging for zinc at the Pavlovsky mine is already in full swing, as previously reported by the Barents Observer.
https://www.steelguru.com/mining/atomre ... -peninsula

Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

par energy_isere » 02 août 2021, 09:01

suite de ce post du 13 juin 2021 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 2#p2320932
Rio Tinto to invest $2.4bn to develop Jadar lithium project
First saleable production from the Serbian mine is expected to be achieved in 2026

By NS Energy Staff Writer 28 Jul 2021

Rio Tinto has decided to invest $2.4bn to develop the Jadar lithium-borates project in Serbia to serve the European electric vehicles market.

The project is expected to to produce nearly 58,000 tonnes of battery grade lithium carbonate.

Touted to be the largest greenfield lithium project in the world, Jadar is subject to relevant approvals, permits, and licenses among others.

Through the underground mining project, Rio Tinto aims to become the largest supplier of lithium in Europe for at least the next 15 years. The company expects to achieve the first saleable production from the project in 2026.

Apart from lithium carbonate, the Jadar project will yield borates, which are used in wind turbines and solar panels.

Rio Tinto chief executive Jakob Stausholm said: “Serbia and Rio Tinto will be well-positioned to capture the opportunity offered by rising demand for lithium, driven by the global energy transition and the project will strengthen our offering, particularly to the European market. It could supply enough lithium to power over one million electric vehicles per year.

“The Jadar deposit and its unique mineral, Jadarite, discovered by Rio Tinto geologists in 2004 contains high-grade mineralisation of boron and lithium, supporting a long-life operation in the first quartile of the cost curve for both products.”

After ramping up to full production in 2029, the underground mine will produce 160,000 tonnes of boric acid (B2O3 units) and 255,000 tonnes of sodium along with 58,000 tonnes of lithium carbonate.

Rio Tinto is targeting to produce 2.3 million tonnes of lithium carbonate from the Jadar project over its estimated 40-year life of mine.

The next step for the mining giant is for pursuing an exploitation license and regulatory approvals, which include approval of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies.

The company is targeting to begin construction next year.

Rio Tinto’s investment decision on the Jadar lithium-borates project follows the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with InoBat, a European battery technology and manufacturing company, in May 2021.

As per the MoU, the companies agreed to expedite the setting up of a lithium battery manufacturing and recycling value chain in Serbia.
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