Pakistan

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Agrandir Relecture du sujet : Pakistan

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 11 janv. 2021, 23:19

Pakistan : sept employés d'une centrale électrique suspendus après la gigantesque panne de courant

AFP parue le 11 janv. 2021

Sept employés d'une des principales centrales électriques pakistanaises ont été suspendus après qu'une gigantesque panne de courant a plongé tout le pays dans le noir pendant plusieurs heures dimanche. La panne a duré jusqu'à 18 heures par endroits et affecté toutes les grandes villes dont la capitale Islamabad, le grand hub économique Karachi et la deuxième plus grande agglomération, Lahore.

Les sept employés, dont un cadre, ont été suspendus pour "négligence", a annoncé la compagnie gérant la centrale thermique de Guddu, dans la province du Sindh (sud). Cette centrale, construite dans les années 1980, est l'une des plus grandes parmi la vingtaine que compte le pays, et produit de l'électricité à partir de fioul et gaz naturel. La panne a été causée par un dysfonctionnement technique, survenu samedi peu avant minuit, qui a enclenché une réaction en chaîne affectant de nombreuses centrales électriques.

Les coupures d'électricité sont fréquentes au Pakistan, qui fait face depuis des années à une crise énergétique chronique et dont le système de distribution est complexe et vétuste. Nombre de ses quelque 220 millions d'habitants restent privés de courant pendant de longues heures chaque jour et le phénomène s'aggrave pendant les fortes chaleurs de l'été.

C'est la deuxième grande panne électrique au Pakistan en moins de trois ans après celle de mai 2018, quand l'électricité avait été partiellement coupée pendant plus de neuf heures. En 2015, 80% du pays, dont les grandes villes, avait déjà été plongé dans le noir par une coupure de courant causée, selon le gouvernement, par une attaque de séparatistes baloutches contre une ligne à haute tension dans un district reculé de la province du Baloutchistan (sud-ouest).
https://www.connaissancedesenergies.org ... ite-210111

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 10 janv. 2021, 10:43

Pakistan: une panne d'électricité plonge le pays dans le noir

AFP parue le 10 janv. 2021

L'électricité était progressivement rétablie dimanche dans les principales villes du Pakistan, plongées dans le noir toute la nuit après une gigantesque panne de courant, selon des responsables gouvernementaux.

La panne a affecté toutes les grandes villes du pays dont sa capitale Islamabad, son grand hub économique Karachi, et la deuxième plus grande ville, Lahore.


Les coupures d'électricité sont fréquentes au Pakistan, qui fait face depuis des années à une crise énergétique chronique et dont le système de distribution est complexe et vétuste. Nombre de ses quelque 210 millions d'habitants restent privés de courant pendant de longues heures chaque jour, et le phénomène s'aggrave pendant les chaleurs de l'été.

Cette panne est due à un dysfonctionnement survenu à 23H41 locales samedi (18H41 GMT) dans le sud du pays, a indiqué le ministre de l'énergie Omar Ayub Khan sur Twitter, disant se baser sur les premiers éléments disponibles.

"Le dysfonctionnement a affecté le système de transmission du pays (...) ce qui a conduit à l'arrêt des centrales", a-t-il expliqué, ajoutant que le courant était "graduellement rétabli dans tout le pays".

Des équipes ont oeuvré toute la nuit pour rétablir le courant, qui était partiellement revenu dans la matinée à Islamabad et Lahore.

La compagnie nationale gérant la distribution de l'électricité (NTDC) a indiqué qu'un comité serait formé pour enquêter sur les causes de cette panne.

Elle a perturbé l'approvisionnement en électricité de l'ensemble des hôpitaux du pays, qui ont dû recourir à leurs générateurs.

Netblocks, une organisation non gouvernementale qui recense les pannes d'internet, a souligné que la connectivité au Pakistan avait chuté suite à la panne, s'établissant à "62% du niveau ordinaire", selon son compte Twitter.

En 2015, 80% du territoire pakistanais, dont les grandes villes, avait déjà été plongé dans le noir par une coupure d'électricité causée, selon le gouvernement, par une attaque de séparatistes baloutches contre une ligne à haute tension dans un district reculé de la province du Baloutchistan (sud-ouest).

Cette panne, l'une des pires dans l'histoire du Pakistan, avait même affecté l'un des aéroports internationaux du pays.
https://www.connaissancedesenergies.org ... r-210110-0

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 07 janv. 2021, 22:40

Pakistan-Russia to build 1,100-kilometre gas pipeline from July
Hin-Russia to build 1,100-kilometre gas pipeline from July


January 04, 2021

Pakistan will start building a 1,100 kilometer pipeline in July with Russia that will allow it to operate more liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals.

Pakistan will have a majority share of 51-74 per cent in the project, while Russia will own the remainder, Nadeem Babar, petroleum adviser to the prime minister, said. Pakistan's gas distribution companies Sui Southern Gas Co. and Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Ltd., which have started acquiring land for the pipeline, will be a part of the project, while a Russian consortium will lead construction.

Pakistan has become one of the top emerging markets for the super-chilled fuel in recent years as domestic gas production has plateaued, forcing the nation to import cargoes. The nation has also auctioned a record 20 oil and gas blocks to encourage exploration activity, with bids expected by mid-January, said Babar.
https://gulfnews.com/business/energy/pa ... 9735184764

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 29 juil. 2020, 12:34

Contrat avec la Chine pour la construction de 2 barrages hydroélectrique au Pakistan, d'une valeur total de 3.9 milliards de dollars.
New China deals signal Belt and Road revival in Pakistan
China and Pakistan signed projects worth $11bn, including a $3.9bn hydroelectric dam and a $7.2bn railway upgrade.

by Faseeh Mangi • Bloomberg 16 Jul 2020

China's Belt and Road program has found new life in Pakistan with $11 billion worth of projects signed in the last month, driven by a former lieutenant general who has reinvigorated the infrastructure plan that's been languishing since Prime Minister Imran Khan took office two years ago.

The nations signed deals on June 25 and July 6 for two hydro-power generation projects costing $3.9 billion in the disputed Kashmir region, and another to revamp the South Asian nation's colonial-era railways for $7.2 billion -- the most expensive Chinese project yet in Pakistan.

..............

The Chinese financing has helped rid Pakistan of an electricity deficit that left exporters unable to meet orders and major cities without electricity for much of the day. Still, the implementation of some investments appeared to stall since Khan came to power, with no new projects announced in 2018 and very few in 2019.
https://www.aljazeera.com/ajimpact/chin ... 12664.html

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 09 févr. 2020, 10:12

Le Danois Vestas va construire une usine pour la fabrication d'éoliennes dans la région de Karachi.

Lire https://www.evwind.es/2020/02/08/wind-t ... stan/73483

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 01 déc. 2019, 12:17

Ou il est à nouveau question du gazoduc entre l'Iran et le Pakistan, avec les projets chinois en arrière plan :
A New Pipeline Could Undo America’s Influence In Asia
By Simon Watkins - Nov 25, 2019

From the moment that the U.S. re-imposed sanctions in earnest on Iran late last year, Pakistan has been looking at ways to resuscitate a deal that had been agreed in principle before the U.S. unilaterally withdrew from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) last May. This deal involved moving as much gas as Pakistan needs from Iran’s Asalouyeh into Pakistan’s Gwadar and then on to Nawabshah for further transit if required. At the same time, China has been in long-running discussions with Pakistan over the specific projects that Beijing wanted to place in Pakistan as part of its ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) programme. All the while, the U.S. has been trying to stymie any such arrangement but OilPrice.com understands that the Iran-China-Pakistan deal is now back on, and with a vengeance.
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https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-Gene ... -Asia.html

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 28 oct. 2019, 07:40

ExxonMobil va participer à la construction d'un nouveau terminal LNG au Pakistan.
ExxonMobil to help build LNG terminal in Pakistan

By zafar bhutta Oct.27,2019

After getting a liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply contract from private-sector consumers, US energy giant ExxonMobil is planning to build the third LNG terminal in Karachi as a joint-venture partner.

Some time ago, ExxonMobil, in collaboration with Pakistan’s exploration and production companies, drilled an offshore well to search for hydrocarbon reserves in the Arabian Sea. However, the effort could not prove successful.

Now, in a new venture with Energas consortium, the US firm is going to invest in setting up an LNG terminal in Pakistan.

Earlier, ExxonMobil, the world’s largest publicly traded oil and gas firm, had inked an agreement with Universal Gas Distribution Company (UGDC) – an association of CNG station owners and operators – for LNG supply.

This came after the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government allowed the private sector to utilise the idle capacity of existing LNG terminals and pipelines of public gas utilities. It will break the monopoly of public-sector companies and the private sector will be able to bring LNG at cheaper rates.
......
https://tribune.com.pk/story/2087888/2- ... tan/?amp=1

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 22 sept. 2019, 08:35

Le Pakistan a lancé un appel d'offre pour la construction de 5 terminaux d'importation de LNG !
Shell et Exxon sont sur le coup.
Shell, Exxon Close Deal To Build Five LNG Import Terminals

By Irina Slav - Sep 20, 2019

Shell and Exxon are among the companies picked by the Pakistani government to build five LNG import terminals as part of efforts to boost natural gas imports to deal with shortages in supply.

Reuters reports that the terminals could be operational in two to three years, quoting the country’s oil and power minister, Omar Ayub Khan.

With a fast-rising population, Pakistan has been plagued with power outages largely resulting from a shortage of fuel necessary to keep its power stations going. Though there is some local production, in financial year 2017/18, demand exceeded this supply by about 3 billion cu ft daily. Imports of gas and LNG are already on the rise but not fast enough to ensure no more blackouts.

To remedy matters, the government has picked five consortia to build additional terminals. The consortia include, besides the two supermajors, also Mitsubishi Corp, Energas, Trafigura, and Gunvor.

The consortia must submit their detailed plans for the terminals for government approval by November 5 although Reuters quoted PM Khan as saying this approval had already been granted.

Pakistan currently has LNG import capacity of 1.2 billion cu ft per day in two terminals, with plans to add another with a capacity of 600 billion cu ft daily in 2020. One billion cu ft of natural gas equals about 21,000 tons of LNG.
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... inals.html
The groups approved to progress are Tabeer Energy, a unit of Mitsubishi, Energas with partner Exxon; Pakistan GasPort and commodities trader Trafigura; Engro with partner Shell, and Gunvor with Pakistani conglomerate Fatima.
https://www.dhakatribune.com/world/sout ... inal-plans

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 20 juil. 2019, 09:36

Le Pakistan a lancé un appel d'offre international pour la fourniture de LNG sur 10 ans.
Italian and Chinese majors vie for Pakistan’s mega LNG tender

REUTERS July 19, 2019

Italian oil major Eni, China’s overseas energy unit PetroChina and two trading houses are vying to supply liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Pakistan in a tender worth billions of dollars.

The 240-cargo 10-year tender, worth up to $6 billion according to Reuters, was issued last month and closed on Thursday.
.........
http://www.arabnews.com/node/1528111/business-economy

Re: Pakistan

par Silenius » 27 mai 2019, 18:05

the cash-strapped country, which is plagued by Islamist militant violence.
Bon, on peut quand-meme y faire du tourisme :mrgreen: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2z-YbmLIvs

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 26 mai 2019, 21:21

Douche froide pour ENI, son puit d'exploration au large du Pakistan est sec.
100 millions de dollars englouti pour rien.

Eni’s ultra-deepwater Kekra-01 well in the Arabian Sea offshore Pakistan was dry.

May 21st, 2019

According to Rystad Energy, the country had high hopes for the well which had a pre-drill resource estimate of around 1.5 Bboe.

“The dry well comes as a major blow not only for the country, but also for the companies involved,” said Rystad senior analyst Palzor Shenga. “The drilling campaign initially had a budget of between $75 million and $80 million, which later grew to approximately $100 million due to technical complications.”

Eni’s partners were ExxonMobil and local companies PPL and OGDCL.

“It seems unlikely at this stage that there will be another attempt at offshore exploration in Pakistan, despite the fact that the country’s ultra-deepwater zone is competitively priced,” Shenga added. “Most international companies have already fled the cash-strapped country, which is plagued by Islamist militant violence. The disappointing result of this well can be expected to have a negative impact on future offshore licensing rounds in Pakistan.”
https://www.offshore-mag.com/drilling-c ... an-wildcat

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 03 mai 2019, 08:45

Le Pakistan va importer du gaz à bas prix du Qatar.
Qatar agrees to supply LNG to Pakistan on low rates

May 3, 2019

ISLAMABAD: The government has convinced Qatar to supply 400 million cubic feet per day (MMBFD) of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to Pakistan on low rates under fresh agreements, which would be signed in the near future, sources revealed on Thursday.

Sources in the Petroleum Division told Pakistan Today that the government has convinced the Qatari government to supply LNG at cheaper rates, as compared to the rates and terms and conditions of LNG deal signed by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government.

They said that both the sides have almost settled major terms and conditions of the new LNG supply agreements, adding that both countries would sign two agreements in this regard.

“One agreement will remain effective for 10 years while the second agreement will remain functional for 15 years. With the new LNG supply agreements, Pakistan’s national exchequer will save approximately $2.5 billion in 10 years,” said sources. “Qatar is likely to provide LNG to Pakistan at 11.5pc of crude oil price under the new ten-year agreement, while it may also provide LNG for 15 years to Pakistan at 11.25pc of crude oil price.”

https://profit.pakistantoday.com.pk/201 ... s-sources/

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 15 avr. 2019, 09:40

Forte montée en puissance des importations de LNG du Pakistan.
Last year, Pakistan imported nearly 7 million tonnes of LNG, data from Refinitiv Eikon shows. This year, that could grow to as high as 15 million tonnes and to up to 25 million to 30 million tonnes over the next three to five years, said Adnan Gilani, managing director and chief executive of Pakistan LNG.
Extrait de https://auto.economictimes.indiatimes.c ... l/68863998

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 23 mars 2019, 21:16

Suite de ce post du 10 août 2018 http://www.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewtopi ... 8#p2271278

Des forages offshore sont menés par Exxon.
Pakistan may soon hit oil, gas jackpot: Prime Minister Imran Khan
The offshore drilling for oil was in final stages and there could be a major find, he said.

PTI | Updated: March 23, 2019,
......
Italy's ENI and US oil major Exxon Mobil are jointly drilling for gas offshore in Pakistan's Arabian Sea. Many other Western companies have left more than a decade ago because of Islamist militant violence.

ExxonMobil returned to Pakistan after nearly a decade after surveys were carried out last year suggesting the possibility of big oil reserves within the Pakistani waters.
.........
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes ... n/68531540

Re: Pakistan

par energy_isere » 27 févr. 2019, 21:27

L'Inde aurait abattu un F16 Pakistanais : https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/ne ... 182512.cms

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