Colombie

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Agrandir Relecture du sujet : Colombie

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 22 févr. 2020, 20:39

Ecopetrol en Colombie va construire un parc solaire PV de 50 MW.
Colombian oil company to power fossil fuel extraction with 50 MW of solar
The PV capacity being developed by EcoPetrol will power Colombian pumping stations at San Fernando and Apiay as well as the oil fields of Castilla, Chichimene and Apiay, in the Eastern Plains of the country.

FEBRUARY 20, 2020

Colombian state-owned oil company Ecopetrol has announced plans for a 50 MW solar park which will be owned by its Cenit hydrocarbon transportation and logistics subsidiary.

The fossil fuel company said the facility will be in the Colombian municipality of Castilla La Nueva, in the department of Meta, and will generate clean electricity for the San Fernando and Apiay pumping stations as well as oil fields in Castilla, Chichimene and Apiay, in the Eastern Plains.

Construction of the 46ha solar plant, which will feature more than 100,000 panels, will begin in the middle of the year with commercial operation slated for December. At that point, the facility will be the largest self-consumption power plant developed in the country, more than twice the size of the 20.4 MW Solar Castilla Park finalized by Ecopetrol in October.

The oil business, formerly known as Empresa Colombiana de Petróleos, announced plans to invest in solar energy in August 2018.
https://www.pv-magazine.com/2020/02/20/ ... -of-solar/

Un peu moins de un hectare pour 1 MW.

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 21 juil. 2019, 14:30

Chiffre attendu de 84 millions de tonnes de charbon extrait de Colombie pour cette année.
Pas très différend du chiffre 2018.

https://www.mining.com/web/colombia-wan ... -official/

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 20 juil. 2019, 10:49

Gros potentiel du non conventionnel en Colombie.
Colombia’s Push To Triple Proven Oil & Gas Reserves

By Oxford Business Group - Jul 17, 2019

...........

Fracking

While the debate over fracking is not new, a recent report, issued by a 13-person panel of experts across the industry and related academia, has given the green light to begin evaluating prospects. Developed as a guideline for whether or not the country should engage in fracking activities, the document recommends the implementation of one or more integral research pilot projects (proyectos pilotos de investigación integral, PPIIs). These should generate knowledge and scientific evidence that will help make informed decisions on the commercial production of hydrocarbons. Implementation of PPIIs will respond to a number of requisites addressing matters concerning transparency, management guidelines, prior consultation with communities, strengthening institutional capacity and regulatory oversight, as well as ensuring environmental protection and water conservation.

While the law covers the exploration phase of non-conventional sources, no regulation yet exists with regards to production stages. In addition, a number of advocacy organisations have highlighted the contradictory nature of the report, namely that despite recognising the numerous risks associated with these activities, it still gave them the go-ahead.

Pilot

María Fernanda Suárez, minister of mining and energy, told international media that Colombia could increase its oil and gas reserves through the use of fracking from 5.7 years for crude and 11 years for gas, to 15 and 30 years, respectively. She stated that ExxonMobil, Conoco Phillips, Parex and Ecopetrol are among those interested in initiating fracking operations. A number of basins offer strong prospects for potential fracking, including Valle Medio del Magdalena, Valle Superior del Magdalena, Caguán-Putumayo, Catatumbo, Cordillera Oriental, Cesar-Ranchería, La Guajira and Llanos Orientales. Once it receives environmental approval from the National Authority for Enviromental Licences, the first pilot project will be developed by Ecopetrol in Valle Medio del Magdalena. It is expected to set the stage for the future application of this technology. Ecopetrol announced that it will invest $500m in the exploration of non-conventional deposits between 2019 and 2021, and establish a Directorate of Non-conventional Hydrocarbons within its corporate structure to direct its intentions in the field.

Looking Forward

While the new government sees the development of its hydrocarbons potential as paramount to the country’s development and energy self-sufficiency, opposition from local communities and environmentalists is ongoing. A lack of trust in the government, local communities’ perception of insufficient norms and regulations, and oversight from local and regional environmental agencies act as roadblocks to the development of extractive industries. While recent favourable decisions by the constitutional courts provide an additional impetus for operators seeking to develop activities in the sector (see overview), the country’s history in dealing with regional authorities remains a risk for those seeking to enter the sector.
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Crude-Oil/C ... erves.html

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 17 mars 2019, 20:01

La compagnie d'état Ecopetrol va commencer des premiers forages offshore dans la mer des caraïbes.
Colombia to begin oil exploration offshore in the Caribbean

Wednesday, March 6th 2019

Colombia and its state-run oil company, Ecopetrol, announced they have signed an offshore exploration and production deal for a nearly 400,000-hectare (988,000-acre) bloc in the Caribbean, the country's first new oil and gas contract in more than four years.

The country recently modified its bidding system for offshore oil and gas exploration contracts and re-launched bidding for more than 20 possible production areas.

The government, which last held an auction in 2014, repeatedly postponed bidding that had been set to take place last year because of company requests to change contract specifications.

The company will mount at least two exploratory wells, the statement said, and is optimistic the bloc will yield gas reserves in the medium term. Ecopetrol said in its own statement it was planning to seek a partner for exploration and production in the bloc. Ecopetrol currently operates in five offshore blocks.

Ecopetrol last week reported a net profit for 2018 of 11.55 trillion pesos, about US$ 3.7 billion, a five-year high and a 74.6% increase over the prior year.
https://en.mercopress.com/2019/03/06/co ... -caribbean

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 13 mars 2019, 08:19

SHELL passe un contrat avec la Colombie pour de l'exploration production offshore.
Shell Signs Offshore E&P Contracts With Colombia’s Government

Reuters Mon, 03/11/2019

Colombia's government on March 11 said it signed two exploration and production contracts with Royal Dutch Shell Plc in offshore areas of the Caribbean Sea that will require the company to make initial investments of $100 million.

Colombia recently modified contractual terms for offshore exploration and launched a Permanent Area Allocation Process so companies can apply to explore in areas of interest, offering 20 blocks as part of a strategy to boost the oil sector.

"The signing of these contracts revalidates the confidence of oil investors in exploration of our offshore resources in the Caribbean," National Hydrocarbons Agency (ANH) President Luis Miguel Morelli said in a statement.

The investment could surpass $650 million if exploration continues, he said.

Shell will explore blocks COL 3 and GUA OFF 3, which cover about 880,000 hectares.

Its investment adds to almost $400 million recently announced by Brazil's Petrobras in Colombia's Tayrona block and state oil company Ecopetrol in block COL-5.

Colombia has proven reserves of 1.78 billion barrels of oil, equivalent to 5.7 years of consumption, according to the Ministry of Mines and Energy.

The government wants to boost its hydrocarbon reserves to guarantee its self-sufficiency.
https://www.hartenergy.com/news/shell-s ... ent-178169

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 09 mars 2019, 14:40

La Colombie s'intéresse fortement au fracking pour le pétrole et le gaz. 3 projets pilotes vont êtres menés.
Plusieurs compagnies intéressées.
Fracking Could Nearly Triple Colombia Oil, Gas Reserves

By Julia Symmes Cobb and Luis Jaime Acosta, Reuters
Fri, 03/08/2019

BOGOTA, Colombia—At least five companies are interested in six fracking blocks in Colombia and use of the technique could nearly triple the country’s reserves of crude and gas, the energy minister said.

Exxon Mobil Corp., ConocoPhillips, Parex Resources Inc. and state-run oil company Ecopetrol are among those seeking to operate in the six blocks, Mines and Energy Minister Maria Fernanda Suarez said in an interview late on March 7, without identifying the fifth company.

An expert commission convened by the government to study the use of hydraulic fracturing recommended strict monitoring of three pilot projects to determine whether the technique should be widely used.

Suarez said she and the environment ministry will study the final recommendations and that while no specific law to allow fracking is required for the use of the technique to go ahead, further regulations are needed.

“Most important is that the only regulation that’s in force refers to the exploration phase, in Colombia we still haven’t developed any regulation for the production phase,” she said.

Fracking breaks up rock formations with pressurized liquid. Its use is credited for booming oil and gas production in the United States, but environmental activists have blamed it for water pollution.

Some local communities and many environmentalists in Colombia oppose the technology.

Other companies from the United States and Argentina may also be interested in the blocks, Suarez added.

Use of fracking could nearly triple the country’s crude and gas reserves, she said.

“We have 5.7 years of crude reserves and 11 years of gas reserves. Our estimates say that with unconventional deposits we could have 30 years of gas and 15 years of crude.”

Ecopetrol has some 7.2 years of reserves, well below the average of nearly 12 years for the world’s top oil and gas companies.

The company plans to spend $500 million on unconventional exploration over the next three years, its CEO told Reuters this week.
https://www.hartenergy.com/news/frackin ... ves-178137

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 13 nov. 2018, 08:25

Attetntat à la bombe contre les oléoducs en Colombie, le 78 iéme de l'année !
Colombian Pipeline Bombed For The 78th Time This Year

By Irina Slav - Nov 12, 2018

Colombia’s Cano Limon crude oil pipeline that can transport 210,000 bpd of crude has been bombed again, for the 78th time since the start of this year, Ecopetrol, the state oil company, said, as quoted by Reuters. Previous attacks have been blamed by the Colombian army on a rebel group, the national Liberation Army, or ELN, which is considered a terrorist group by the European Union and the United States.

The pipeline was not operational at the time of the attack, which is the second in as many months. In September, Reuters reported that the pipeline was bombed again in the same region, close to the border with Venezuela. At the time, the pipeline was shut down so the attack did not cause a lot of damage. In fact, the pipeline was shut down six months earlier precisely because of the repeated attacks.

The Cano Limon pipeline carries crude from the same-name field, which is operated by Occidental Petroleum. The ELN, a Marxist organization, bombs oil infrastructure in protest of the presence of multinational companies in Colombia’s natural resources industry claiming it robs the locals of the benefits this sector offers.
.......
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... -Year.html

Re: Colombie

par Silenius » 06 sept. 2018, 21:33

Quasiment un mini EPR a l'echelle Colombienne !

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 06 sept. 2018, 08:37

Suite aux événements qu'il y a eu le 20 mai (voir plus haut)

Colombie: la méga-centrale Hidroituango prend trois ans de retard


Par AFP, publié le 06/09/20 Bogota

La plus grande centreale hydroélectrique de Colombie ne sera pas opérationnelle avant 2021, avec trois ans de retard, suite à la situation d'urgence qui a fait craindre son effondrement, a déclaré Jorge Tabares, dirigeant du principal actionnaire.
Hidroituango, qui doit couvrir un cinquième des besoins énergétiques du pays, s'élève sur le fleuve Cauca, dans le département d'Antioquia (nord-ouest), pour un investissement initial équivalent à 3,7 milliards de dollars.

Mais début mai, ce chantier colossal s'est trouvé en situation d'urgence: un glissement de terrain a bloqué une conduite de sortie des eaux, la pression menaçant alors toute la structure du gigantesque barrage.


Jusqu'à 25.000 habitants de municipalités voisines ont dû être évacués, dont 3.000 sont encore dans des centres d'accueil, selon les autorités.

"Il y a d'importantes incertitudes (...) mais notre projection de base montre au moins 36 mois de retard sur la date initiale, c'est-à-dire que le projet devrait produire de l'énergie en 2021", a déclaré à l'AFP M. Tabares, vice-président exécutif de Finances corporatives de entreprises publiques de Medellin (EPM).

Après l'obstruction de la conduite, les ingénieurs avaient habilité la chambre des machines comme voie d'évacuation des eaux.

Bien qu'un risque d'effondrement ne soit plus évoqué, M. Tabares a précisé que l'urgence ne pourra être écartée que lorsque il aura été possible de "fermer l'évacuation de l'eau par la salle des machines (...) entre octobre et décembre de cette année".

Cette situation génère pour plus de deux milliards de dollars de frais supplémentaires et pertes.

Pour compenser ces coûts, le gérant général d'EPM, Jorge Londoño, a indiqué que l'entreprise adopterait notamment "un plan de réduction des frais internes" et reporterait des investissements prévus pour moderniser des installations énergétiques, d'eau ou d'assainissement.

La construction de la centrale est assurée par le consortium CCC Ituango, composé des entreprises brésilienne Camargo Correa (55%) et colombiennes Conconcreto (35%) et Coninsa-Ramon H (10%).

Camargo Correa est sous le coup d'une enquête dans le cadre de l'opération anti-corruption "Lava Jato" (lavage d'autos, ndlr), qui a mis à jour un réseau de pots-de-vin au sein de l'appareil gouvernemental et politique brésilien, avec des ramifications dans des dizaines de pays.

Le Parquet colombien enquête pour sa part sur l'adjudication et le contrat de construction, ainsi que sur des dégâts environnementaux présumés.

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 19 juin 2018, 20:36

Colombia Produced 865,987 Barrels of Oil per Day in May 2018

by Jared Wade June 14, 2018

Colombia produced an average of 865,987 barrels of oil per day in May, an uptick of 1.6% over May 2017 according to government figures.

This level also represents a 0.1% increase from April, and the slight increase marks the third straight month of rising production, according to the Ministry of Mines and Energy.

After five months, the annual average for the country now stands at 854,190 barrels of oil per day. This is almost exactly in line with the 2017 average of 854,121 barrels of oil per day yet still below the 885,000-barrel daily average of 2016.

The annual figure, however, still exceeds the Ministry of Mines’ previously released “medium-term” estimate of 840,000 barrels of oil per day.

The vast majority of the oil in Colombia is produced by state-controlled oil company Ecopetrol. The Bogotá-based company has set a goal of 725,000 barrels of petroleum-equivalent per day for 2018 and expects to drill at least 620 development wells and 12 exploration wells during the year to help replace falling reserves.

Frontera Energy, formerly known as Pacific Rubiales, produced an average of 52,195 barrels of oil per day in Colombia the first quarter of 2018. This was a slight decrease from the 56,593 it produced in the country compared to the first quarter of 2017.
https://www.financecolombia.com/colombi ... ay-in-may/

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 19 juin 2018, 20:33

ah tiens, la Colombie est un producteur d'huile de plame, et c'est le plus gros d' Amérique du Sud.
How Colombia became Latin America’s palm oil powerhouse

by Taran Volckhausen on 31 May 2018
....................
Colombia produces more palm oil than any other country in Latin America and, as of 2016, is considered the fourth-largest producer worldwide. Palm oil producer organization Fedepalma reported a record 1.6 million metric tons of crude palm oil was produced in Colombia in 2017 — a substantial 42 percent increase over the previous year. According to the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), palm oil-related exports generated $414 million in export revenue for Colombia in 2017, up 48 percent from the year before and most of it heading to the EU.

Palm oil, together with ethanol, also forms the backbone to Colombia’s biodiesel industry, which by law must account for 10 percent of automobile fuel sold nationwide.

Image
Harvested oil palm fruit piled up beside San José de Playón reservoir. Photo by Taran Volckhausen

................
long article : https://news.mongabay.com/2018/05/how-c ... owerhouse/

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 18 juin 2018, 01:12

Résultat de l'élection présidentielle en Colombie, Ivan Duque franchement à droite serait élu.
Il déteste son voisin Maduro au Venezuela voisin.

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 20 mai 2018, 13:50

Davantage de développement sur ces problémes trés graves :
En Colombie, alerte rouge autour d’un barrage

Guylaine Roujol Perez| 20 mai 2018

.......
Finalement, le 12 mai, le troisième tunnel s’est débouché, apparemment sous la force de l’eau. Son évacuation par ce biais et par la salle des machines a provoqué plus bas une montée subite du niveau de l’eau du Cauca, dont le débit s’est emballé.

Les habitants de Puerto Valdivia, en première ligne, ont dû être évacués en urgence, l’eau dévastant tout sur son passage. Trois ponts se sont effondrés. Dix-sept communes de quatre départements (Antioquia, Sucre, Córdoba et Bolívar) ont été placées en alerte. La population vit au rythme des informations au sujet du niveau du fleuve dont le débit moyen dans cette région d’environ 2300 m3 par seconde est monté jusqu’à 6000 m3/seconde selon les observateurs sur place.

Vendredi, l’Unité nationale pour la gestion des risques et des désastres a annoncé avoir évacué 6 123 personnes des municipalités de Valdivia, Tarazá, Cáceres et de Caucasia. Des postes de secours ont été installés et des kits de première nécessité (couvertures, matelas, produits d’hygiène) apportés. La police, l’armée, les pompiers, la Croix Rouge entre autres sont mobilisés.
...........

Image
Le 18 mai à Puerto Valvidia, à 40 km du barrage. REUTERS/Fredy Builes
http://www.leparisien.fr/environnement/ ... 726005.php

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 18 mai 2018, 21:45

Gros bordel et inquiétude maximale sur un chantier de gros barrage sur le fleuve Cauca en Colombie :
La future plus grande centrale hydroélectrique de Colombie inondée

Publié le 18/05/2018

En Colombie, 11 000 ouvriers sont actuellement déployés pour renforcer la structure d’Hidroituango, la future plus grande centrale hydroélectrique du pays, inondée par le lac Cauca suite à un glissement de terrain. Des milliers d'habitants sont évacués.
............
https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/e ... te.N695184


Image
The dam of the Hidroituango Hydroelctric Project, on the Cauca river, near Ituango municipality in Colombia on 12 May 2018. Photograph: Joaquin Sarmiento/AFP/Getty Images

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/ ... ods-at-dam

Re: Colombie

par energy_isere » 05 avr. 2018, 21:49

Colombie: une fuite de pétrole maîtrisée

Par Lefigaro.fr avec AFP le 02/04/2018

La fuite de pétrole, qui a généré début mars une crise environnementale dans le nord de la Colombie, affectant plus d'un millier d'animaux, la végétation et plusieurs rivières, est désormais sous contrôle, a assuré lundi l'entreprise publique Ecopetrol.

"Il est important de préciser que le puits est scellé. Cela signifie qu'il ne fuit plus. Cependant, la situation d'urgence perdure, le plan d'intervention est maintenu et nous poursuivons les travaux d'étanchéité définitive", a dit le président d'Ecopetrol, Felipe Bayon. Bien que ce puits n'était pas opérationnel, l'équivalent d'environ 550 barils de brut s'est infiltré par le fond dans la terre et plusieurs rivières du département de Santander ont été souillées.

L'urgence avait été déclarée le 3 mars et la pollution a affecté la pêche, la végétation, tandis que plusieurs centaines d'animaux, tels que des iguanes, crabes, oiseaux, grenouilles et tortues, ont été contaminés.

Jusqu'à ce jour, "1.357 animaux ont été récupérés et transférés dans un refuge", a ajouté Ecopetrol dans un communiqué. En outre, 79 personnes vivant sur les berges de rivières ont été temporairement relogées. L'Agence nationale des licences environnementales (Anla) a ouvert une enquête pour déterminer la responsabilité d'Ecopetrol dans cette crise. L'entreprise n'a pas encore établi la cause de la fuite.

Cette zone compte 14 autres puits de pétrole, dont trois sont inactifs.
http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/2018/ ... trisee.php

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