La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

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Agrandir Relecture du sujet : La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 25 avr. 2020, 00:04

La Suéde se débarrasse du charbon avec deux ans d' avance sur leur calendrier initial.
Sweden exits coal two years early
The Nordic nation is now the third European country to have waved goodbye to coal for power generation. Another 11 European states have made plans to follow suit over the next decade.

APRIL 22, 2020 MARIAN WILLUHN


Sweden has joined Europe’s scramble to decommission coal. Power utility Stockholm Exergi has announced the permanent closure of coal-fired co-generation plant KVV6, in Hjorthagen, eastern Stockholm.

The Scandinavian country had planned to rid itself of coal by 2022 but appears to have decommissioned its facilities two years early.

The KVV6 plant has two boiler rooms, one of which was shut before the winter. The other facility was kept operational as a power reserve but a mild winter meant Stockholm Exergi did not have to use it and the utility has decided to shutter the plant for good.

Stockholm Exergi said it will now focus on carbon-negative approaches. “We continue to work on the transition to climate-neutral solutions and also solutions to create negative emissions,” said chief executive Anders Egelrud. “Here, the researchers agree: We don’t only need to reduce our emissions to zero but also … to develop techniques to specifically reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.”

Race to the line

With the KVV6 plant closure announced on Thursday, the move appeared to come a day ahead of the closure of Austria’s last coal plant, the Mellach district heating plant, on Friday. Belgium was the first European nation to exit coal, in 2016.

U.K. lobby group Europe Beyond Coal praised the moves, claiming they demonstrated the fate awaiting coal in Europe.

“With Sweden going coal-free in the same week as Austria, the downward trajectory of coal in Europe is clear,” said campaign director Kathrin Gutmann. “Against the backdrop of the serious health challenges we are currently facing, leaving coal behind in exchange for renewables is the right decision and will repay us in kind with improved health, climate protection and more resilient economies.”

Other European nations plan to exit coal in the next few years. France expects to shut its last coal-fired facility by 2022, Slovakia and Portugal in 2023, the U.K. in 2024 and Ireland and Italy a year later. Euro neighbors Greece, the Netherlands, Finland, Hungary and Denmark also plan to ditch coal-fired power generation this decade, in line with Paris Agreement climate commitments.
https://www.pv-magazine.com/2020/04/22/ ... ars-early/

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 21 déc. 2019, 01:40

Ils remettent ça.
Sweden Looks To Ban Sale Of Fossil Fuel-Powered Cars By 2030

By Tsvetana Paraskova - Dec 20, 2019

Sweden is getting serious about banning the sale of new gasoline and diesel powered cars by 2030 as the government commissioned an inquiry on Friday into how the Scandinavian country could best phase out fossil fuels and ban sales of fossil fuel-powered vehicles.

The report commissioned by the Swedish government today is a follow-up to the Statement of Government Policy from January this year, which said that “No new petrol- or diesel-driven cars will be sold after 2030. This is how we will reduce the major climate emissions from the transport sector.”

The government policy from January also stated that “Prospecting and new exploitation of coal, oil and fossil gas will be prohibited.”

Commenting on today’s commissioning of the report, Per Bolund, Minister for Financial Markets and Housing, and member of the Green Party, said in a statement:

“Sweden will be the world’s first fossil-free welfare nation. The transport sector is responsible for a third of Sweden’s emissions of greenhouse gases, and thus has a significant role to play in the climate transition.”

The report should be completed by February 1, 2021, and should analyze the conditions for introducing a national ban on sales of new gasoline and diesel cars, and how to exempt vehicles running on renewable fuels and electric hybrid vehicles from such a ban. The report will also analyze how an EU-wide ban on sales of new gasoline and diesel cars could be implemented and conditions for phasing out fossil fuels in the EU, Sweden said today.

Sweden, which has a population of around 10 million residents and is therefore a small market for vehicles, is one of the global leaders in terms of electric vehicles (EVs) market share. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), Sweden is third globally in terms of EV market share with 8 percent, after Norway’s 46-percent EV share and Iceland’s 17-percent share of electric cars.

Sweden is also the leader in the share of renewable energy use in the EU, and targets to eliminate subsidies for onshore wind farms by the end of 2021. Sweden generates more than 54 percent of its electricity from renewable sources on a sustainable basis. As early as in 2012, the Scandinavian country reached its 2020 target to have 50 percent of energy use from renewables. The country is targeting 100 percent renewable electricity generation by 2040.
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... -2030.html

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 03 déc. 2019, 22:28

LeLama a écrit :
03 déc. 2019, 22:15
Oui, il est marrant ce fil. Ca fait un peu penser aux cop. Que des engagements a long terme pour les futurs gouvernements, jamais pour ceux en place :-D
Ça montre que des bonnes intentions, des volontés affichées même de gouvernement ne suffisent pas pour l' action long terme d'un pays à 10-20 ans.

Il n' y a guère que la Chine qui peut avoir une continuité d'action.

Et puis de toute façon, il n' y a que ceux qui ''croient' les engagements qui sont déçus.

Un certain Stéphane disait dans les premiers post du fil le 09 nov 2005 :
Les intentions sont louables, très certainement, mais le discours ressemble à maints égards à du "wishful thinking".
Peut-on m'expliquer comment il sera possible d'ici 2020 de proposer une alternative réaliste au pétrole pour l'automobile de Monsieur Toutlemonde ? :shock:

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par LeLama » 03 déc. 2019, 22:15

Oui, il est marrant ce fil. Ca fait un peu penser aux cop. Que des engagements a long terme pour les futurs gouvernements, jamais pour ceux en place :-D

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 03 déc. 2019, 19:16

Je tire des chiffres du BPreport 2019 à la feuille consommation par pays

consommation de pétrole de la Suède
2008 : 340 000 b/j
2011 : 309 000 b/j
2018 : 308 000 b/j

C'est évidemment rappé pour leur volonté 2020 exprimée en 2005. :-&

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par GillesH38 » 03 déc. 2019, 17:31

c'est juste qu'après le retour de Sceptique, je me suis amusé à me balader sur les fils ouverts il y a plus de 10 ans, et celui là m'a fait marrer ... :-D

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 23 oct. 2019, 23:02

La Suède pense arrêter les subventions à l'éolien à terre en 2021 car l'éolien devient viable sans.
En 2017 l'éolien à fourni 17.5 TW.h au pays.

Sweden Is Set To Ditch Wind Subsidies

By Tsvetana Paraskova - Oct 23, 2019

Sweden, the leader in the share of renewable energy use in the European Union (EU), targets to eliminate subsidies for onshore wind farms by the end of 2021, at around the same time as neighboring Norway, Sweden’s Energy Minister Anders Ygeman told Reuters on Wednesday.

Onshore wind developments are already profitable without subsidies, the minister said on the sidelines of a wind power conference in Stockholm.

Declining technology costs and battery prices across the board have made unsubsidized onshore wind and solar power the cheapest options for electricity generation in major economies, including India’s and China’s. Solar and wind power are now cheaper than coal in most parts of the world.

Sweden generates more than 54 percent of its electricity from renewable sources on a sustainable basis. As early as in 2012, the Scandinavian country reached its 2020 target to have 50 percent of energy use from renewables. The country is targeting 100 percent renewable electricity generation by 2040.

Hydropower and bioenergy are the top sources of renewable energy in Sweden, but wind generation has soared over the past decade and a half. Between 2000 and 2017, Sweden’s wind power generation increased from 0.5 terrawatt hours (TWh) to 17.5 TWh.

As many large wind projects come online, Sweden is expected to see wind power generation doubling its share in the country’s electricity generation from 12 percent now to 25 percent in 2022, Charlotte Unger, chief executive of the Swedish Wind Energy Association, said earlier this year.

According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), Sweden is a global leader in the energy transition as it is building a low-carbon economy with the lowest share of fossil fuels in its primary energy supply among all IEA member countries.

“Sweden has been successful in its energy transformation through market-based policies that focus on energy efficiency and renewable energy, notably CO2 taxation, which has helped drive decarbonisation across several sectors,” the IEA said in April this year.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... idies.html

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 05 mai 2019, 10:19

La Suède bien partie pour ajouter 2.3 GW d'eolien en 2019.
Sweden set for (adding) 2.3 GW wind power in 2019

May 2, 2019 evwind

Wind energy plants with a combined generation capacity of more than 1 GW were approved in Sweden during the first quarter of 2019, putting the Nordic country on track to double its wind farm generation capacity by 2022.

Final investment decisions were made on 1225 MW worth of wind turbines projects in the period from January to March, up from 550 MW on-year, according to the Swedish Wind Energy Association.

The association expects 2,329 MW of new capacity to be added in the 2019 calendar year, bringing total capacity to 9,724 MW by year-end.

Swedish wind power production currently stands at 19 TWh and SWEA expects it to rise to 38 TWh by 2022.

“Wind power is now a full-fledged technology that can be built without support,” said SWEA chief executive Charlotte Unger Larson.

Among the biggest wind farm projects currently under development is Enercon’s 844 MW Maximus in the country’s north, which is slated to go live by the third quarter of 2021.
https://www.evwind.es/2019/05/02/sweden ... 2019/67010

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par ni chaud ni froid » 08 août 2018, 09:33

C'est vrai, je l'avais oublié ! d'ailleurs l'EDF local s'appelle Vattenfall (cascade), certainement pas sans raison…


En revanche ses derniers temps, je pense que la production nucléaire est la bienvenue, vu les sècheresses qu'ils vivent...

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par Fristi » 08 août 2018, 09:10

ni chaud ni froid a écrit :
19 juil. 2018, 14:39
La seule ressource renouvelable et disponible en suède c'est le bois. (et l'éolien, mais c'est un peu intermittent…)
Et l'hydroélectrique, qui fournit juste 46% de leur électricité aux Suédois, excusez du peu...
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89ner ... Su%C3%A8de

Sachant que l'hydroélectrique a l'immense avantage de pouvoir pallier à l'intermittence de l'éolien, quand il peut fonctionner de façon réversible (STEP) pour stocker de l'énergie.

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par ni chaud ni froid » 19 juil. 2018, 14:39

La seule ressource renouvelable et disponible en suède c'est le bois. (et l'éolien, mais c'est un peu intermittent…)

5 millions de pinpins au siècle dernier, 10 millions aujourd'hui.

la suède d'aujourd'hui ne peut être ni écolo, ni autonome en nourriture.

Au XIXe, ils avaient des lois, pour interdire l'émigration (oui, oui), et 1.5 millions de suédois ont émigré au début XXe, notamment aux US, lorsque celles-ci ont été levées.

C'est un pays sympa aujourd'hui, mais sans pétrole et sans nucléaire, ca promet de ne pas être fun...

Re: La Suède veut se débarrasser du pétrole d'ici 15 ans

par energy_isere » 19 juil. 2018, 09:32

Petit problème en Suède avec l'arrêt de centrales nucléaires :

Grid operator warns wind will not fill Sweden's nuclear gap in winter


Lefteris Karagiannopoulos OSLO (Reuters)
Sweden will have to import more electricity during winter as the country, a net power exporter to the rest of Europe, shifts from nuclear to wind, its grid operator said.

Last winter, the first since the closure of its Oskarshamn 1 reactor, stretched Sweden’s resources as peak consumption rose by 800 megawatt (MW), triggering start-up procedures in its reserve energy plants.

Sweden’s power balance will deteriorate further from next winter, the country will need imports and the situation will become worse with two more of its reactors closing by 2020, state-grid Svenska Kraftnat (SVK) said in a report on Monday.

“For next winter (if it’s a normal winter) we expect Sweden to (need to) import 400 MW more than it exports during the hour with the highest consumption,” SVK’s electricity system analyst Erik Hellstrom, and the author of the report, told Reuters.

Hellstrom said that if the coming winter is a “10-year winter” (colder than a normal winter), Sweden’s imports will rise by as much as 1,500 MW more than it exports in the hour with the highest consumption.

Of Sweden’s eight remaining nuclear reactors, two will close soon, Ringhals 2 in 2019 and Ringhals 1 the year after, cutting a combined production of 1,700 MW from its power system, 40 percent of which is nuclear output-dependent.

“Wind power cannot contribute to the power balance during winter peak hours with the same availability as the nuclear power it replaces,” SVK said.

The expansion of Sweden’s wind power capacity, with new farms coming into the system, may also be insufficient to cover the deficit the lost nuclear reactors leaves, said SVK, warning low profitability may even prohibit planned power projects.

“The margins for the Swedish power balance and the ability to be self-sufficient with enough electricity under high-load situations are shrinking,” said the report.

The highest electricity consumption Sweden recorded last winter was about 26,700 MW said the grid, nearly 40 percent of the whole Nordic region.

Sweden will need to add a further 2.6 gigawatt (GW) in power generation capacity by 2040 to avoid power shortages, SVK said last year, as the country will risk electricity shortfalls of 400 hours per year on average.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-swed ... SKBN1JS1GL

Re: La Suède désire ne plus dépendre du pétrole d'ici 2020 !

par energy_isere » 20 mai 2018, 14:29

Projet de 345 MW éolien à terre en Suéde.
Vestas partners with Swedish utility, Vattenfall, and Danish pension fund, PKA, for 353 MW wind energy project in Sweden

May 16, 2018 evwind

..........................
The project has been developed by Vattenfall and consists of 84 V136-4.2 MW turbines to be installed across the Blakliden and Fäbodberget wind parks located in Åsele and Lycksele Municipality in central Sweden. Blakliden and Fäbodberget wind parks will consist of 50 and 34 turbines respectively.
..........................
https://www.evwind.es/2018/05/16/vestas ... eden/63445

Re: La Suède désire ne plus dépendre du pétrole d'ici 2020 !

par phyvette » 02 avr. 2018, 23:16

Sylvain a écrit :
08 nov. 2005, 17:52
mar. nov. 08, 2005
La Suède désire ne plus dépendre du pétrole d'ici 2020 !
Tic-tac-tic-tac... Plus que 21 mois a attendre pour voir ça.

Re: Re:

par energy_isere » 02 avr. 2018, 14:03

La Suède introduit une taxe sur le transport aérien

Par latribune.fr | 01/04/2018,

La Suède a introduit dimanche une taxe écologique sur le transport aérien, à laquelle une majorité des Suédois sont favorables.

La Suède a introduit dimanche une taxe écologique sur le transport aérien, à laquelle une majorité des Suédois sont favorables. "L'objectif de la taxe est de minimiser l'empreinte climat de l'avion à la suite d'une forte hausse du nombre de voyages en avion", a écrit dans le quotidien Dagens Nyheter (DN) la ministre de l'Environnement et porte-parole des Verts, Isabelle Lövin.
Entre 60 et 400 couronnes (5,8 et 38,8 euros) selon la destination, cette taxe est applicable à tous les voyages en avion au départ d'un aéroport suédois.

Elle s'applique à tous à l'exception des enfants de moins de deux ans, du personnel navigant, des voyageurs faisant escale sans changer d'avion et -sous certaines conditions- de ceux en transit pour prendre un autre vol.

Selon un sondage publié le 25 mars par DN, 53% des Suédois y sont favorables.
Critique vis-à-vis de l'introduction de cette taxe, le parti du Centre, dans l'opposition, souhaite obliger les avions à utiliser une part de biocarburants.
https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-fi ... 73858.html

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