Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Discussions traitant des diverses sources d'énergie ainsi que de leur efficacité.

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 26 sept. 2018, 08:03

Augmentation de 8.8 % de la consommation énergétique en Chine sur un an.
China power consumption was up 8.8% year over year in August

brian wang | September 20, 2018

China’s power consumption increased 8.8 percent in August. Total power usage is on track to about 6800 bilion kWh for all of 2018.
.......
https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/09/c ... ugust.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par GillesH38 » 26 sept. 2018, 08:06

"power consumption" c'est la consommation d'électricité , pas d'énergie...
- Je suis Charlie - "I do not see any harm in people making money if it leads to a lower carbon society " R.K. Pachauri, président du GIEC, interview du 6 mai 2008 à Emirates Business.

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 20 oct. 2018, 15:12

Le raffinage Chinois a fond : 12.5 millions de b/j traités en septembre.
China Refiners’ Run Rates At Record High In September

By Irina Slav - Oct 19, 2018,

Chinese refiners processed a record daily amount of crude oil last month, Reuters reports, citing calculations based on Chinese statistical data. At a calculated 12.49 million bpd, the September run rate of Chinese refineries was more than 600,000 bpd higher than the August figure.

The increase reflected an increase in crude oil imports, which hit a four-month high in September. Domestic production, on the other hand, declined by 2.4 percent to 3.69 million bpd. Nine-month production also declined, the statistical data showed, to 3.77 million bpd, down 1.9 percent.

The news about the record-high September run rates bodes well for future demand after an extended period of falling imports and run rates amid summer maintenance season and adjustments to a new tax regime that has stripped teapot refiners of some tax incentives and hurt their bottom lines.

As a result, in August the total refinery throughput in the country slipped to the lowest since December 2017, although the eight-month average turned out to be 8.7 percent higher than a year ago.
.....
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... ember.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 14 déc. 2018, 08:25

Il y a eu basculement de 3 millions de foyers du charbon vers le Gaz, ce qui va amener une demande de gaz de 4.5 milliards de m3 de plus en Chine pour l'hiver qui arrive.
Beijing Adds 3 Million Households To Overstretched Gas Network

By Irina Slav - Dec 13, 2018

China’s natural gas demand could grow by 4.5 billion cubic meters next year as Beijing added another three million households to gas heating, Reuters has calculated. The number is higher than last year’s additions, which caused shortages in northern China due to insufficient supply of the commodity during the winter months.

The 4.5 billion cubic meters figure, Reuters notes, would cover the period between November 15 and March 15, but the agency also cites analysts as saying this increase in demand may not lead to an increase in overall consumption in the country: the gas needed to heat the additional three million households could be taken from industrial users, said one analyst, Chen Zhu, managing director of SIA Energy.

Last December, Beijing ordered several million households plus a number of industrial businesses to switch from coal to gas for heating and electricity in an attempt to reduce pollution.

As a result, gas imports into China reached an all-time high in that month as the country fought a very seasonal cold spell amid its efforts to reduce its dependence on coal and replace it with gas. At 7.89 million tons—including pipeline flows and LNG shipments—the December figure beat the previous record, booked in November, by 20 percent.

Beijing is on a quest to reduce pollution across the country but the rush to speed it up last year backfired with the shortage. This year, Beijing and local governments began preparing early on, with the authorities asking industrial producers in the north, which has some of the highest pollution rates in China, to curb their activity ahead of winter to reduce the amount of particulate matter in the air if they haven’t already reduced their emissions by other means.

Local energy companies have been stocking up on LNG supplies, underground storage facilities for natural gas have been filling, and help has come in the form of a milder than usual weather in November. Yet, according to the analysts cited by Reuters, even this will not be enough to heat the additional three million households without reducing consumption by industrial gas users.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... twork.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 17 déc. 2018, 08:32

Le gouvernement Chinois veut énormément pousser la production d'ethanol : de 2.8 millions de t par an ils veulent pousser à 6.6 millions de t par an. A partir de maïs et de manioc (cassava). Des usines de transformation en Ethanol sont en construction.
China Aims To Boost Ethanol Production

By Haley Zaremba - Dec 15, 2018

China’s demand for cleaner alternatives to fossil fuels is on track to skyrocket over next few years as the government continues to make strategic moves toward a greener future. As part of this initiative, it is projected that China will more than triple its capacity for production of ethanol in little over a year. According to a Dou Kejun, a researcher at the China National Renewable Energy Centre, the nation is already constructing or seeking approval to construct new ethanol plants with a total production capacity of over 6.6 million tonnes of the mostly corn- and cassava-based biofuel each year.

6.6 million tonnes is an especially stunning figure when you consider that China’s entire ethanol production in 2017 was just 2.8 million tonnes. Feng Wensheng, a manager at Henan Tianguan Group Co Ltd., a major Chinese producer, estimates that current capacity has already risen to about 3.38 million tonnes, including some plants that are still under construction after very recent approval. A major factor in this massive uptick is the government’s announcement last year that they would now be requiring gasoline supplies nationwide to be blended with ethanol by just 2020. This requirement alone will require about 15 million tonnes of ethanol per year.

Unlike ethanol in the United States, the vast majority of which is corn-based, less than half of China’s current ethanol production is derived from corn, a larger portion (1.7 million tonnes) being sourced from cassava. Other sources of Chinese biofuels include wheat, sorghum and rice.
.......
https://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy ... ction.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 25 déc. 2018, 02:16

Très forte des importations de gaz LNG en Chine.
China’s LNG Imports Jump To Record High In November
By Tsvetana Paraskova - Dec 24, 2018,

Chinese liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports soared by 48.5 percent in November 2018, compared to the same month last year, as China continues to have parts of the country switch to natural gas from coal for heating.

China’s LNG imports last month reached 5.99 million tons, beating the previous record of 5.18 million tons from January 2018 in the previous heating season, according to data from China’s General Administration of Customs, as carried by Reuters.

LNG imports into China in the first eleven months of this year jumped by 43.6 percent compared to January-November 2017, to 47.52 million tons and on course to easily beat the full-year LNG import record of 38.13 million tons from 2017, according to the customs data.
........
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... ember.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 15 janv. 2019, 00:26


China Oil Imports Up 30% In December, Gas Imports Hit Record

By Irina Slav - Jan 14, 2019

China imported 30 percent more crude oil in December than a year earlier, Reuters reports, citing fresh customs data.

The surge was the result of independent refiners rushing to exhaust their import quotas before the end of the year. The rush pushed the daily rate of shipments to 10.31 million bpd. That’s the second month in a row when Chinese refiners imported more than 10 million bpd of crude oil, Reuters notes, with the December figure slightly below the record-high November import rate.

Crude oil imports for the full 2018 averaged 9.24 million bpd, up by a little over 10 percent on an annual basis, or 846,600 bpd more than the average daily import rate for 2017.

Natural gas imports broke the previous record in December, according to the customs data, which was only to be expected as Beijing sought to make sure there would be no repeat of the December 2017 gas shortage, which was brought about by efforts to reduce coal consumption in favor of gas. However, lack of adequate distribution infrastructure led to outages leaving millions of households in the north of the country without heating.

In December 2018, therefore, China imported 9.23 million tons of gas, both by pipeline and as LNG, up 17 percent on the year. Since it began preparing for the winter early in 2018, total natural gas imports for last year soared by almost 32 percent from 2017 to 90.39 million tons, solidifying China’s position as the world’s biggest importer of the fuel.

The country is also the world’s second-largest importer of LNG because of its drive to shift away from coal and into gas as it fights one of the worst pollution problems globally. This has naturally made it a magnet for LNG producers around the world as its demand for the fuel is expected to rise consistently over the coming years.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... ecord.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 06 févr. 2019, 08:25

Quelques nouvelles des hydrocarbures en Chine.
China Faces An Uphill Battle For Energy Independence

By Tim Daiss - Feb 05, 2019

A Reuters report last week examining China's renewed oil and gas exploration and production push should make the country’s oil majors, Beijing energy planners, and just about everybody else in the country’s Oil Patch breathe a collective sigh of relief - but at the end of the day, the question has to be asked, will it still be enough?


First the good news

First the good news: China’s national oil companies are raising spending on domestic oil and gas drilling to the highest levels since 2016. This push comes as Chinese President Xi Jinping calls for the country to boost energy development to enhance national energy security. A few months ago, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), one of China's largest oil majors with some $428.62 billion in revenue in 2017, announced an oil discovery at Mahu in the Junggar basin which has 400 million tonnes of oil in place, one of the largest oil finds onshore China in years. Approximately 100 million tonnes will be technically recoverable. Annual output at Mahu will reach over 3 million tonnes per year in three years, a demonstrative addition to the 10-million tonne per year Xinjiang field.

Also, a few months ago PetroChina, CNPC’s listed arm, struck sizeable oil and gas flow in exploration well Zhongqiu-1 in the Tarim basin, in the Xinjiang region, in northwestern China. Zhongqiu-1 tested a daily natural gas flow of 330,000 cubic meters and condensate of 21.4 cubic meters. The well is located in the southern part of Kuche trough in the Tarim basin, part of a 5,200 square-km exploration zone.

In December, CNPC said it also struck daily gas flows of 225,000 cubic meters at the exploration well Yongtan-1, in Sichuan province’s Jianyang city, part of a 350 square-km gas-rich acreage of volcanic rock layers. Production at CNPC’s flagship shale gas play Chuannan in Southern Sichuan hit a daily record of 20.11 million cubic meters in late December, up from 12 million cubic meters in October, the Reuters report said, citing CNPC data. CNPC also struck high volumes of gas flows at four exploration wells at Dagang, near Beijing, that could lead to a sizeable gas field called Lianhua.

More good news

CNOOC, China's largest offshore driller, also has joined the act. The state-run firm discovered 348 meters of gas bearing deposit and 25 meters of oil-bearing structure and tested daily gas flows of 6.4 million cubic feet. Bozhong 29-6, also in the Bohai Sea, is an oil find with potentially 100 million tonnes of oil reserve in place. CNOOC completed eight appraisal wells by August 2018.


Lingshui 17-2, 93-miles (150 km) off China’s southernmost province of Hainan is CNOOC’s single-largest fully-owned deepwater find. CNOOC made a final investment decision in March 2018 and total investment is estimated at $2.98 billion (20 billion yuan). Energy consultancies Wood Mackenzie and IHS Markit estimate that the block, at an average water depth of 1,450 meters (4,750 feet), has recoverable reserves of 2.5 trillion cubic feet.

The rest of the story

Despite Beijing’s push to ramp up oil and gas development, it will not be enough to offset the projected increase of both hydrocarbons, while aging fields and infrastructure will still be an impediment for China's goal of greater energy security and self-sufficiency. In other words, the U.S. goal of energy independence is out of reach for China in the foreseeable future, at least in the era dominated by fossil fuels.

China surpassed the U.S. in 2017 as the world’s largest crude oil importer, while the country will likely solidify that top position in the decades to come. Meanwhile, at the end of last year, China surpassed South Korea as the second largest importer of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and is projected to bypass Japan within the next few years to become the top global LNG importer, a dynamic unthinkable just a few years ago.

China's increase gas usage comes amid Beijing’s mandate that gas make up at least 10 percent of the country’s energy mix by 2020, with further earmarks to 2030, in an effort to clean up rampant air pollution, particularly in its major urban centers. China, already the world’s largest oil and coal importer, will see its gas imports approach the level of the European Union by 2040, the Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasted last year.

China's oil and gas push also has geopolitical overtones amid Beijing’s ongoing development in disputed areas in the South China Sea. As China continues its buildup and militarization of artificial islands in the area, against growing international scorn and among concern from its neighbors in the region, it will nonetheless be tempted to drill for more oil and gas in these areas it now claims as sovereign territory.

By Tim Daiss for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Crude-Oil/C ... dence.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 17 févr. 2019, 14:42

24 projets de centrales solaires à concentration totalisant 3.05 GW pour le 2ieme appel d'offre en Chine.

Lire https://www.evwind.es/2019/02/13/china- ... ects/66114

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 09 mars 2019, 01:19

Les importations de pétrole et gaz encore en augmentation.
China Crude Oil, Gas Imports Continue Up In February

By Irina Slav - Mar 08, 2019

Crude oil and natural gas imports to China continued rising in February although they were off the all-time highs booked a few months ago, Reuters reports, citing customs data.

Crude oil imports stood at 39.22 million tons, or 10.23 million bpd, which was a 21.6-percent increase on the year and the fourth consecutive month of an import rate above 10 million tons. The hefty increase at the end of 2018 was a result of independent refiners’ rush to fill in their import quotas before the year’s end, but now imports have remained strong even at lower quotas that the Chinese Ministry of Commerce issued in January.

In natural gas, Chinese customs data showed the total intake, including LNG and pipeline shipments, stood at 7.55 million tons last month, which was down from January, when China imported 9.81 million tons of natural gas, but up on February 2018, by 8.8 percent.
........
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... ruary.html

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 29 avr. 2019, 10:05

Les importation en LNG du mois de mars en augmentation de 25 % par rapport au mois de mars 2018.
China's liquefied natural gas imports surge in March
Source: Xinhua| 2019-04-28 BEIJING,

China's imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) surged last month, as demand remained robust, data from the General Administration of Customs showed.

LNG imports rose to 4.06 million tonnes in March, up 25.2 percent year on year.

Economic and industrial production growth, coupled with efforts to reduce stifling pollution levels, have led to surging natural gas demand over the past few years.
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-0 ... 018523.htm

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 05 mai 2019, 15:51

La consommation de gaz encore en augmentation en Chine au Q1 2019, +11,6% de plus que Q1 2018.
China's natural gas consumption grows in first-quarter amid pollution fight: Xinhua

SHANGHAI (Reuters) - China’s natural gas consumption grew steadily in the first quarter amid the country’s fight against air pollution, the official Xinhua News Agency reported.

Apparent consumption of natural gas rose 11.6 percent during the January-March period from a year earlier to 77 billion cubic meters, following robust annual growth of 18.1 percent in 2018, Xinhua said, citing data from the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).

China released a three-year action plan in 2018 to fight pollution, aiming to boost the share of natural gas in its total primary energy consumption to 10 percent by 2020, Xinhua reported.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-chin ... SKCN1SA06P

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 18 mai 2019, 14:05

La Chine augmentera les droits de douane sur le GNL et les autres importations d'énergie américaine

Agence Ecofin 13 mai 2019

Lundi, la Chine a annoncé que dans le cadre de la guerre commerciale entre elle et les Etats-Unis, elle a prévu d’augmenter les droits de douane sur les importations de GNL américain ainsi que de tout type d’énergie. Une annonce qui vient en représailles à l’opération des Etats-Unis qui a vu les frais de douane sur les importations chinoises grimper de 10 à 25%. La Chine indique qu’elle fera de même.

Parmi les énergies en provenance des Etats-Unis, seul le pétrole sera épargné par cette mesure qui prend effet à partir du 1er juin prochain.

Un nouveau tournant dans la crise qui risque de modifier les échanges de GNL et le marché en général. La Chine est devenue le premier importateur net de gaz au monde en 2018 et le deuxième importateur mondial de GNL. Ensemble avec les Etats-Unis, les deux mastodontes ont constitué l’essentiel de la croissance du combustible depuis ces deux dernières années.

En Chine, les importations de combustibles liquéfiés ont augmenté de plus de 40 % en 2018 pour atteindre environ 54 millions de tonnes métriques, et Pékin a déclaré qu'il prévoit de quadrupler ses achats au cours des deux prochaines décennies. Toutefois, avec des frais de douane aussi élevés, les importations chinoises de GNL américain ont chuté de près de 80 % au premier trimestre de 2019, par rapport à la même période de l’année précédente, souligne NGW.

Selon le ministère chinois du Commerce qui rejette le blâme sur la Maison Blanche, « l’augmentation des tarifs douaniers américains conduira à une escalade des frictions économiques et commerciales sino-américaines, contrairement au consensus entre la Chine et les Etats-Unis sur la résolution des différends commerciaux par le biais de consultations ».

Quoiqu’il en soit, les intérêts des deux parties sont compromis.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/trade/1305 ... americaine

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 22 juin 2019, 21:57

Hong Kong va s'equiper d'un terminal d'importation flottant de LNG.
Pour la transition de centrales thermiques à charbon vers des centrales à gaz.
Hong Kong’s power firms sign LNG deals for first import terminal

21/06/2019

Hong Kong’s Castle Peak Power Company and Hong Kong Electric Co said on Friday they have signed a supply deal for the nation’s first import of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and for the lease of an import vessel.

Hong Kong is undertaking a massive shift to use more natural gas to fuel its electric power generation from coal, potentially creating a steady and lucrative demand source in the Asian LNG market.

Both Hong Kong-based power companies said they have signed an agreement with Shell Eastern Trading – a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell – for a long-term LNG supply for the Hong Kong Offshore LNG terminal.

Shell will supply LNG to both companies from its global LNG portfolio once the project has been completed.

They did not specify the supply deal details, but Reuters had first reported the impending deal in March last year citing sources familiar with the matter as saying the supply deal is for 1.2 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) for 10 years starting after 2020.

Castle Peak Power Company and Hong Kong Electric Co said in a separate statement that their joint venture has signed an agreement with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd (MOL) for the hire of a floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) on a time-charter basis for the LNG project.

They added that the FSRU vessel will be used for receiving, storing, and regasifying LNG for the supply of natural gas to CAPCO and HK Electric for power generation through two separate subsea gas pipelines.

MOL will also be responsible for providing operations and maintenance services for the FSRU vessel and offshore LNG terminal.

Castle Peak Power Company Ltd (CAPCO) is a joint venture of utility CLP Power Hong Kong Limited and China Southern Power Grid International (HK) Co, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of China Southern Power Grid Co Ltd.

CAPCO owns three power stations – Castle Peak Power Station, Black Point Power Station and Penny’s Bay Power Station – which are operated by CLP Power.

As part of its commitment to the Paris Climate Change Agreement, Hong Kong is keen to spike the use of natural gas in its total fuel mix for power generation to about 50% by 2020 from 22%, as of 2012.

“The FSRU vessel, together with the jetty and submarine pipelines, will enable us to have access to diverse gas sources for cost-competitive LNG supplies,” HK Electric Managing Director Mr Wan Chi-tin said in the statement.

“The new LNG terminal project will provide HK Electric with greater flexibility and a new channel for Lamma Power Station to obtain natural gas, easing the pressing need to enhance the security of gas supply.”

Hong Kong currently produces power using imported fuel in domestic power plants or from imported natural gas from the mainland. The country’s coal-fired plants will reach the end of their useful life in the next decade.
https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/ho ... -terminal/

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Re: Politique Chinoise de l' énergie

Message par energy_isere » 10 août 2019, 22:31

La Chine continue à basculer du charbon vers le gaz pour le chauffage chez les particuliers.
China Steps Up Coal To Gas Switching

By Tsvetana Paraskova - Aug 07, 2019

China’s demand for natural gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports will get another shot in the arm this year as one of the most polluted heavily industrialized provinces plans to have two million households switch their heating source from coal to gas or electricity.

The province of Henan in central China aims to have 2 million households make the switch away from coal in 2019, according to provincial government-backed Henan Daily, cited by Reuters.

This year’s planned switch in the province is nearly double the number of households that made the conversion from coal to gas and electricity in 2018—1.124 million homes, according to Reuters.

Since 2016, as part of China’s efforts to cut coal use in household heating in a bid to reduce stifling pollution levels, almost 13 million households in northern China have replaced coal-fired heating with gas or electricity.

China’s natural gas demand is set to continuously grow in the foreseeable future. The BP Energy Outlook 2019 pegs China’s natural gas demand soaring by 166 percent between 2017 and 2040, to double its market share to 14 percent by that year from 7 percent in 2017. Although Chinese natural gas production is forecast to jump by 146 percent through 2040, it won’t be enough to cover booming demand, and China will see its natural gas import dependence growing from 38 percent in 2017 to 43 percent in 2040, BP says.

As early as in 2022, China will become the world’s top LNG importer outpacing the current leader, Japan, energy consultancy Wood Mackenzie said in a new report last month.

Thanks to the coal-to-gas switch, China became the world’s second-biggest LNG importer in 2017, surpassing South Korea and second only to Japan. Demand for natural gas in China will continue to grow in the coming years as Beijing favors increased use of cleaner-burning natural gas to clamp down on pollution.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... ching.html

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