Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Discussions traitant de l'impact du pic pétrolier sur l'économie.

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 28 juin 2020, 10:25

Suite de ce post du 3 nov 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2291005#p2291005

Le projet Pastos Grandes en Argentine reçoit le OK environnemental.
Argentina approves Millennial Lithium’s environmental impact assessment for Pastos Grandes

MINING.COM Staff Writer | June 24, 2020

The Environmental and Mining Authority of Argentina’s Salta province approved Millennial Lithium’s (TSXV: ML) environmental impact assessment for the construction and operation of its Pastos Grandes project.

The approval was granted to the Canadian miner’s subsidiary Proyecto Pastos Grandes S.A. and it allows for a 24,000-tonne-per-year battery-grade lithium carbonate production facility to run on the property.

Known in Spanish as “Declaración de Impacto Ambiental” or DIA, the permit is the main environmental approval document required for mining projects in the Salta province to proceed to the construction stage and to operate.

“The rapid approval by the Salta government reflects both the detailed and comprehensive nature of the EIA and the commitment of the government to continue supporting viable mining projects,” Farhad Abasov, Millennial Lithium’s president and CEO, said in a media statement.

“We are pleased to have secured this approval which makes Pastos Grandes one of the most advanced lithium projects in the world.”

Located in the northwestern part of Argentina, Pastos Grandes covers over 12,619 hectares. To date, Millennial has invested over C$40 million in exploration and development work on the property, which includes 22 completed exploration/monitoring wells, four pumping test production wells, pilot ponds, the pilot plant as well as a year-round camp supported by a hybrid solar power system.
https://www.mining.com/argentinian-prov ... s-grandes/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 28 juin 2020, 10:34

Suite de ce post du 24 mai 2020 viewtopic.php?p=2304222#p2304222

Le projet de Lithium de Clayton Valley est chaud bouillant à l'issue de résultats de carottage.
Spearmint Resources to kickstart Nevada lithium operations

MINING.COM Staff Writer | June 23, 2020

Image

Spearmint Resources (CSE: SPMT) has announced it is ready to kickstart operations on its Clayton Valley lithium projects in Nevada.

In a press release, the Canadian miner said management is working on a series of strategies to be applied at each separate claim block that comprises the project: the Elon property (brine) and the McGee property (clay) which cover an aggregate area of 800 acres.

“Spearmint Resources Inc. previously announced that exploration drilling had been completed on its Clayton Valley lithium projects (McGee property) and has intersected lithium as high as 1,670 ppm Li,” the media brief states.

........
https://www.mining.com/spearmint-resour ... in-nevada/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 04 juil. 2020, 11:08

Ghana : IronRidge obtient un nouveau permis d’exploration pour le lithium

Agence Ecofin 1er juillet 2020

IronRidge Resources accroit ses chances de découverte majeure de lithium au Ghana. La société vient d’obtenir un nouveau permis d’exploration dans le pays, non loin de son projet Ewoyaa. Des travaux de forage démarreront bientôt pour une première estimation de ressources.

Au Ghana, la compagnie minière IronRidge a obtenu, par le biais de sa filiale Green Metals Resources, un nouveau permis d’exploration de lithium couvrant une superficie de 13,02 km². La société voit ainsi s’améliorer ses chances de découverte majeure dans le pays, d’autant plus que le nouvel actif est situé au sud de son projet phare Ewoyaa.

« Nous sommes ravis d’avoir obtenu le permis d’exploration de Mankessim South, qui consolide et améliore notre portefeuille […]. La licence nouvellement accordée représente un terrain très prometteur dans le corridor de ressources en pegmatite de lithium et constitue une extension située directement dans l’axe du projet Ewoyaa », a déclaré Vincent Mascolo, PDG de IronRidge, précisant qu’une équipe d’exploration est déjà sur place pour mener les premiers travaux de forage.

Pour rappel, IronRidge détient également au Ghana le projet Cape Coast Lithium. Elle est présente dans le même secteur en Côte d’Ivoire, mais aussi dans l’or au Tchad et le fer au Gabon.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/metaux/010 ... le-lithium

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 05 juil. 2020, 14:34

Suite de ce post du 16 juin 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2284539#p2284539

Le Finlandais Keliber poursuit activement son projet de lithium de spodumene dans le pays.
Il est question de commencer les travaux en 2022 pour une capacité de 15000 t d'hydroxyde de Lithium annuel.
Keliber books Outotec for basic engineering of Päiväneva lithium concentrator

Posted by Paul Moore on 30th

Image

On June 29, 2020, just before the combination of Metso and Outotec to become Metso Outotec, Finnish hard rock lithium ore to battery grade lithium hydroxide project developer Keliber and mineral processing technology provider Outotec signed an agreement regarding the basic engineering of Keliber’s Päiväneva concentrator. Outotec will design the concentrator process and process equipment for the production flow sheet: ore crushing, sorting, grinding and concentration.

The basic engineering of the concentrator is based on the new location of the concentrator next to the main mining sites. Design criteria include environmental, social and economic parameters which will be incorporated in the solution for the concentrator. “We can confidently continue to promote our project with a reliable partner for the concentrator engineering. At the same time, Outotec will provide Keliber with valuable information for the EIA process and the environmental permit”, says Hannu Hautala, CEO of Keliber Oy.

During the first months of 2020, Keliber continued its work towards battery-grade lithium hydroxide production for the needs of the growing international market. To demonstrate the functionality of the production process, a continuous lithium hydroxide pilot was carried out at the Outotec R&D centre. The purity of the product received was extremely high and lithium recovery in the process was better than the one used in the Definitive Feasibility Study in February 2019.

Keliber will operate initially the surface Rapasaari and Syvajarvi lithium (spodumene) mines and the Päiväneva concentrator plant all located some 10 km from Kaustinen. The Päiväneva plant will produce spodumene concentrate and the chemical plant will be located slightly over 50 km away in the Kokkola Industrial Park, near the Port of Kokkola – this location will see the heat treatment and hydrometallurgical processing of the spodumene concentrate to produce lithium hydroxide up to the final product packaging and shipping. Keliber has also opted to increase its annual lithium hydroxide production from 12,500 t to 15,000 t. Construction of the project is now set to start in 2022.

Last December, Keliber reported that it had reached 96.9% conversion degree in a continuous conversion pilot conducted with FLSmidth using a rotary kiln and spodumene concentrate produced from Syvajarvi lithium ore. FLSmidth has been selected for the rotary kiln basic engineering, with Outotec doing the basic engineering for the Kokkola chemical plant.
https://im-mining.com/2020/06/30/kelibe ... centrator/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 11 juil. 2020, 10:06

Suite de ce post du 7 sept 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2287398#p2287398
Mali : le potentiel minéral du projet de lithium Goulamina revu à la hausse

Agence Ecofin 8 juillet 2020

La future mine de Goulamina au Mali pourrait produire plus de lithium que prévu. La société Mali Lithium a en effet annoncé une augmentation de 48 % des ressources mesurées et indiquées du projet. Ces chiffres seront inclus dans la DFS attendue dans deux mois.

Image

La compagnie minière Mali Lithium a annoncé mercredi une augmentation de ressources à son projet de lithium Goulamina. Cet actif situé au Mali totalise désormais 108,51 millions de tonnes de ressources à une teneur de 1,45 % de Li2O, soit 1,57 million de tonnes d’oxyde de lithium. Cela représente une augmentation de 6 % par rapport à l’estimation de ressources publiée dans l’étude de préfaisabilité (PFS) du projet en juin 2018.

Il faut souligner une avancée considérable dans ces nouveaux chiffres, car les ressources classées dans les catégories « mesurée » et « indiquée », considérées comme plus fiables, ont connu une hausse de 48 %. Elles atteignent désormais 64,6 millions de tonnes titrant 1,49 % de Li2O, soit 0,96 million de tonnes d’oxyde de lithium. Ces nouveaux résultats serviront de base, apprend-on, à la nouvelle estimation de réserves de minerai qui sera incluse dans l’étude de faisabilité définitive (DFS).

Selon la PFS de 2018, le projet Goulamina pourrait produire annuellement 362 000 tonnes de concentré d’oxyde sur une durée de vie de 16 ans. Avec l’augmentation des ressources du projet, ces chiffres seront significativement améliorés dans la DFS qui devrait être achevée dans deux mois.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/metaux/080 ... -la-hausse

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 12 juil. 2020, 09:51

Suite de ce post du 6 oct 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2289063#p2289063
Cornish Lithium gets over $1m funding boost for UK project

Cecilia Jamasmie | July 7, 2020

Cornish Lithium, a start-up hoping to lead the development of an industry for the battery metal in the UK, has raised £826,000 ($1.03 million) from shareholders, which it says it will use to expand ongoing drilling work.

The miner says recent exploration activity in the ancient mining region of Cornwall, south-west England, has proved “highly encouraging.”

The company will now plan further phases of drilling in both geothermal waters and in hard rock, to begin as soon as “current conditions allow.”
.......
https://www.mining.com/cornish-lithium- ... k-project/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 19 juil. 2020, 11:19

Suite de ce post du 6 octobre 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2289058#p2289058

Societe Générale va financer le projet de Lithium Grota do Cirilo au Brésil.
Brazil : Sigma’s $45 million project finance beneficial for lithium industry – report

MINING.COM Staff Writer | July 14, 2020

Image
Finished product with 6% Min. Li2O from the Grota do Cirilo project. (Image courtesy of Sigma Lithium Resources).

Market research firm Roskill has published an analysis where it reports that Sigma Lithium Resources’ (TSX-V: SGMA) $45 million finance by Societe Generale for its Grota do Cirilo project in Brazil sent a positive message about the state of the lithium industry.

The announcement was made in late June and it marked a second green funding success in as many weeks for the lithium sector, following on from Livent’s $225 million green debt facility.

“With an interest rate of US LIBOR plus 5%, dropping to LIBOR plus 4.5% after completion of the project, this deal highlights the relatively low-cost access to capital lithium producers can gain, even in a tough market, by leveraging the green credentials of their product (which can be used in the production of rechargeable batteries),” the report reads.

“In the case of Sigma, these green credentials have been bolstered by its access to hydro-power (reducing its scope 2 GHG emissions) and its wider Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) focused development of the project, which has helped it meet the EPs.”

Image
Pilot plant at the Grota do Cirilo project. (Image courtesy of Sigma Lithium Resources).

According to Roskill, Sigma’s financing package includes environmental and social covenants following the Equator Principles, which are a set of voluntary guidelines adopted by private financial institutions to ensure that large-scale development or construction projects appropriately consider the associated potential impacts on the natural environment and any affected communities.

The package will be supplemented by a production prepayment facility signed with Mitsui & Co in April 2019 and an approximate $10-million equity contribution, which is required to satisfy the funding package.

Located in Minas Gerais, Brazil, the Grota do Cirilo project is initially expected to produce 220ktpy of 6% Li2O spodumene concentrate from the Xuxa deposit. The construction capital cost for the project is currently estimated at $82 million.
https://www.mining.com/sigma-lithiums-4 ... y-roskill/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 03 août 2020, 21:53

Suite de ce post du 19 mai 2019 viewtopic.php?p=2283932#p2283932
Rio Tinto to invest $200m to progress Jadar lithium project in Serbia

31 juillet 2020

Global mining giant Rio Tinto has announced that it is investing nearly $200m to progress the Jadar lithium-borate project in Serbia to the next phase of development.

Discovered by Rio Tinto in 2004, Jadar is located near Loznica in western Serbia, around 160km from Belgrade.

The funding will primarily cover the feasibility study, detailed engineering designs, permitting, as well as land acquisition, which are set to be complete by the end of next year.

The Jadar deposit comprises high-grade mineralisation of boron and lithium and supports a long-life operation of both the products.
Rio Tinto Energy & Minerals chief executive Bold Baatar said: “Rio Tinto’s lithium project pipeline is an important part of our vision to pursue opportunities which are part of the transition to a low-carbon future.

“We look forward to working closely with the Government of Serbia over the next eighteen months as we develop and validate our understanding of the project to the point when we can seek a final investment decision by the Board of Rio Tinto.”

Simultaneously, the company has also started commissioning its lithium demonstration plant in the US. This plant extracts lithium from waste rock at the company’s boron mine in California.
https://www.mining-technology.com/news/ ... m-project/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 09 août 2020, 13:03

Suite de ce post du 12 juillet 2020 viewtopic.php?p=2306707#p2306707

L'état Anglais va subventionner 4 millions de livres pour une ligne pilote de séparation du Lithium d'eaux Geothermales dans le Cornwall.
UK to invest in Europe’s first geothermal lithium recovery plant

MINING.COM Staff Writer | August 6, 2020

The UK government announced plans to invest, through its Getting Building Fund, in the construction of Europe’s first geothermal lithium recovery pilot plant at a location near Redruth, Cornwall.

The public funds will support a £4-million collaboration between Geothermal Engineering (GEL) and Cornish Lithium at GEL’s deep geothermal project, which aims to demonstrate that lithium can be produced from geothermal waters with a net-zero carbon footprint.

According to Cornish Lithium, the pilot plant will trial environmentally-responsible Direct Lithium Extraction technology, and its suitability to extract lithium from Cornish geothermal waters.

“The optimal DLE technology for Cornish waters is currently being selected, however, the processes being considered utilise technologies such as nanofiltration to selectively remove lithium compounds from the water, rather than relying on evaporation and other less environmentally friendly methods,” the company said in a media statement. “Once the lithium has been extracted, the waters will be returned to depth via injection boreholes.”

Recent tests run by Cornish Lithium and GEL have demonstrated that the geothermal and the lithium resources lying beneath granite rocks in Cornwall are potentially commercially viable, given recent advances in extraction technologies.

“We have made significant strides in establishing the UK’s first deep geothermal power plant. The possibility of developing future sites that include co-production of lithium extraction is very exciting and a great opportunity for both companies and Cornwall as a whole,” Ryan Law, managing director of Geothermal Engineering, said in the press brief.

“We believe Cornwall’s untapped natural resources are significant, and are delighted to be partnering with Cornish Lithium to maximise the synergies between the two technologies in order to unlock this potential.”

The new capital injection comes in addition to the £826,000 that Cornish Lithium recently raised from its shareholders to expand ongoing drilling work.
https://www.mining.com/uk-government-to ... ery-plant/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 23 août 2020, 14:46

Production mondiale par pays à gauche, réserves à droite :
Image

Source https://www.mining.com/sqm-posts-record ... ak-market/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 23 août 2020, 14:49

Bon chiffre de production de Lithium de SQM au Chili au T2 malgré le Covid19.

https://www.mining.com/sqm-posts-record ... ak-market/

Image

Brine pools and processing areas at SQM’s lithium mine on the Atacama salt flat. (Image courtesy of SQM)

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 23 août 2020, 15:15

19.7% de croissance annuelle prevu pour la production de Lithium d'ici 2030 :
Lithium demand growth to remain strong to 2030 – report

MINING.COM Staff Writer | August 17, 2020

A report by Roskill states that, globally, lithium demand growth is forecast to remain strong at over 19.7%py to 2030.

According to the market researcher, this demand is being driven by the manufacture of Li-ion batteries for use in automotive and energy storage system batteries, supplemented by the use of Li-ion batteries in other applications and more industrial uses of lithium products.

“Automotive batteries alone are forecast to see demand growth in excess of 28%py to 2030, accounting for over 75% of total lithium demand by 2030 and heavily influencing the types of lithium compounds required by the market,” the report states.

According to Roskill, in the short-term, continued strong demand growth is expected to form a tight market by the mid-2020s. This state of affairs is expected to support lithium prices and incentivize the commissioning of new lithium production.

“Despite the commissioning of new production, expansions at existing producers and increasing volume of lithium from secondary sources expected over the coming decade, demand growth is forecast to outpace supply increases, and further investment in lithium production will be required throughout the supply chain,” the document reads.

In the firm’s view, miners ought to keep these projections in mind as they weather the current conditions in which prices have subsided and many of them – in both the refined lithium products and lithium mineral concentrates spheres – have been forced to become more cost-efficient or face closure.
https://www.mining.com/lithium-demand-g ... 30-report/

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 25 août 2020, 08:24

Suite de ce post du 9 août 2020 viewtopic.php?p=2307462#p2307462
Europe’s First Geothermal Lithium Recovery Plant To Be Built In The UK

By MINING.com - Aug 09, 2020

The UK government announced plans to invest, through its Getting Building Fund, in the construction of Europe’s first geothermal lithium recovery pilot plant at a location near Redruth, Cornwall.

The public funds will support a £4-million collaboration between Geothermal Engineering (GEL) and Cornish Lithium at GEL’s deep geothermal project, which aims to demonstrate that lithium can be produced from geothermal waters with a net-zero carbon footprint.


According to Cornish Lithium, the pilot plant will trial environmentally-responsible Direct Lithium Extraction technology, and its suitability to extract lithium from Cornish geothermal waters.


“The optimal DLE technology for Cornish waters is currently being selected, however, the processes being considered utilise technologies such as nanofiltration to selectively remove lithium compounds from the water, rather than relying on evaporation and other less environmentally friendly methods,” the company said in a media statement. “Once the lithium has been extracted, the waters will be returned to depth via injection boreholes.”

Recent tests run by Cornish Lithium and GEL have demonstrated that the geothermal and the lithium resources lying beneath granite rocks in Cornwall are potentially commercially viable, given recent advances in extraction technologies.

“We have made significant strides in establishing the UK’s first deep geothermal power plant. The possibility of developing future sites that include co-production of lithium extraction is very exciting and a great opportunity for both companies and Cornwall as a whole,” Ryan Law, managing director of Geothermal Engineering, said in the press brief.


“We believe Cornwall’s untapped natural resources are significant, and are delighted to be partnering with Cornish Lithium to maximise the synergies between the two technologies in order to unlock this potential.”

The new capital injection comes in addition to the £826,000 that Cornish Lithium recently raised from its shareholders to expand ongoing drilling work.

By Mining.com
https://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy ... he-UK.html

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 25 août 2020, 08:32

Les Allemands veulent faire pareil :
German Scientists Find New Way To Extract Lithium

By MINING.com - Aug 24, 2020

Researchers at Germany’s Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have developed an environmentally friendly process to extract lithium from the salty thermal water reservoirs that are located in the Upper Rhine Trench.

Similar to other initiatives that are taking place in the UK, the German scientists want to recover the white metal using minimally invasive processes.

The mechanism they have come up with consists of filtering out lithium ions from the thermal water and then further concentrating them until lithium can be precipitated as a salt.

“As far as we know, there can be up to 200 milligrams per litre,” said in a media statement Jens Grimmer, a geoscientist at KIT who co-developed the method with his colleague Florencia Saravia. “If we consistently use this potential, we could cover a considerable part of the demand in Germany.”

According to Grimmer, compared to traditional methods of lithium production from the South American salt flats and Australian solid rock, the KIT’s process doesn’t need external water inputs as the existing infrastructure of geothermal plants, through which up to two billion litres of thermal water flow every year, can be used.

At the same time, the new process generates hardly any overburden, the land consumption is minimal and since the thermal water is returned to the underground after use, no harmful substances are released and geothermal electricity and heat production are not impaired.

In terms of efficiency, the researcher said that the mechanism he is proposing allows for lithium to be continuously extracted within hours in the thermal water cycle of the geothermal plant, which greatly differs from how things are done at the Lithium Triangle’s deposits where the enrichment process takes several months and is highly weather-dependent.

Since the process can use the technical and energetic infrastructure of a geothermal plant, its CO2 balance also stands out when compared to traditional mining.


“We export many environmental problems to third countries in order to maintain and improve our living standards. With this process, we can assume our responsibility and extract important raw materials for modern technologies in an environmentally friendly way right on our own doorstep,” Florencia Saravia said in the brief. “We can also build up regional value chains, create jobs, and reduce geopolitical dependencies at the same time.”

Currently, Germany is a net importer of lithium from Chile, Argentina and Australia, as many companies use it for the production of battery cells for electric vehicles. Thus, the metal is considered of great importance for the climate protection program of the Federal Government.

By Mining.com
https://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-Gene ... thium.html

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Re: Le lithium, une flambée en perspective?

Message par energy_isere » 29 août 2020, 08:47

La demande de lithium va augmenter sur la prochaine décennie, portée par le secteur automobile (étude)

Agence Ecofin. 27 août 2020

Selon les prévisions de l’agence chilienne Cochilco, la demande de lithium pourrait atteindre 2 millions de tonnes d’ici 2030 grâce au secteur de l’automobile, entrainant donc une hausse des prix. Des perspectives favorables pour les projets africains au Mali, au Ghana ou en Côte d’Ivoire.

La demande mondiale pour le lithium va sensiblement augmenter sur la prochaine décennie. C’est ce qui ressort d’une étude conduite par l’agence minière nationale chilienne Cochilco, qui prévoit qu’elle devrait atteindre près de 2 millions de tonnes en 2030, dont 79 % proviendraient du secteur automobile.

En effet, alors que la pandémie de Covid-19 a réduit à 75 000 tonnes environ la demande de lithium pour les batteries des véhicules électriques cette année, les experts de l’agence, relayés par Reuters, estiment qu’elle passera à 1,4 million de tonnes en 2030. Dans le même temps, la demande dans les autres secteurs comme l’électronique, les téléphones portables ou la santé sera portée à 377 000 tonnes à la fin de la décennie contre 242 000 t prévues cette année.

Si le prix du lithium a connu une baisse ces dernières années du fait de l’entrée en production de nombreuses mines, la situation devrait également évoluer grâce notamment aux normes de pollution de plus en plus rigides. Cochilco prévoit donc une augmentation des prix d’ici 2025 ou 2026. Cela devrait rassurer les pays africains qui développent des projets miniers comme la Côte d’Ivoire, le Ghana ou encore le Mali et le Zimbabwe.
https://www.agenceecofin.com/etude/2708 ... bile-etude

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