En France nous avons l' IFP et le CEA qui travaillent sur le sujet, mais ca reste du labo.
Mais en ALLEMAGNE la situation est bien plus avancée.
Shlumpf (de Wiesbaden) nous signale que la compagnie CHOREN a une usine pilote qui fonctionne et des projets en cours.
voir le site à http://www.choren.com/en
C'est pas qu'une start-up de la biomasse car SHELL a signé un accord avec eux pour la construction d'une usine de 15000 tonnes/an de carburant de synthése.
http://www.choren.com/en/choren/informa ... es/?nid=55
Shell partners with CHOREN in the world’s first commercial SunFuel development.
Hamburg/Freiberg, 17th August 2005
Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH has acquired a minority equity stake in CHOREN Industries GmbH, Freiberg/Saxony.
Shell’s commitment sets the stage for construction of the world’s first commercial facility to convert biomass into high-quality synthetic bio-fuel, already marketed by CHOREN as SunFuel. A 15,000 t/a plant is planned for the production of SunFuel as supported by carmakers such as Volkswagen and DaimlerChrysler because it can be used without modification in any diesel engine, without compromising performance and with a substantial reduction in emissions. Shell’s stake in CHOREN is still subject to approval by the German cartel authorities.
CHOREN Industries has developed its patented Carbo-V® “Biomass-gasification process to become a leader in the field of converting biomass – such as woodchips – into ultra clean tar-free synthetic gas. This “syngas” can then be converted into synthetic bio-fuels using the same Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis (SMDS) technology that Shell has developed for Gas to Liquids production (conversion of natural gas into synthetic oil products). Shell is a leader in Gas To Liquids (GTL) technology with unparalleled operating experience in the first commercial GTL plant of its type at Bintulu Malaysia. The synthetic GTL Fuel produced is an important component of Shell’s market leading V-Power Diesel that is exclusively sold at Shell Retail stations in several markets including Germany.
“We believe that the leadership combination of both companies’ experience and complementary technologies will enable the construction and operation of the first medium-sized “Biomass To Liquids” (BTL) plant. This plant will be located at CHOREN’s premises in Freiberg in paving the way towards more attractive large-scale plants" explained Rob Routs (Executive Director Downstream) from Royal Dutch Shell.
The synthetic fuels made from biomass have identical composition to synthetic products derived from natural gas – yet they have the advantage of being sustainable and environmentally friendly because they are based on renewable feedstocks. BTL Fuel is as clear as water, virtually free of sulfur and aromatic substances. BTL’s ignition qualities (as measure by a very high cetane number) are excellent thereby reducing noise and resulting in cleaner combustion than with conventional diesel. Greenhouse gas emissions from BTL Fuel are less than 10 per cent of those from fossil fuels. Moreover, BTL Fuel can either be used as a pure product or in a blend with conventional diesel fuel. Initially it will only be available in limited volumes until the technology progresses and larger plants can be built.
Tom Blades, CEO, CHOREN Industries: “We are particularly pleased to have won over a partner with Shell’s FT (Fischer Tropsch) knowledge and clean fuel experience. It affirms our vision for the realization of large scale production of BTL derived transport fuels that meet the needs of today’s and tomorrow’s mobile society but without further burdening the environment.”
Rob Routs: “In the next two to three decades, liquid fuels will continue to dominate the market. Climate protection measures will mean that the share accounted for by biofuels is set to increase. We want to proactively participate in this shift as part of our commitment to the concept of sustainable mobility and maintain our leadership in formulating advanced fuels.”
In 2003 CHOREN became the first company to demonstrably produce BTL Fuel outside of the laboratory environment. The unique Carbo-V® gasification technology is able to convert a broad spectrum of biomass feedstocks such as wood chips, straw or energy plants into a tar-free synthetic gas that may be converted into clean transport fuel using Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or alternatively for power generation.
Traditional bio-fuels such as RME (rapeseed oil methyl ester) and ethanol are 1st generation bio-fuels. They are made using the same parts of plants (rapeseed, grain or sugar cane crops) that are also used in food production. Competition between fuel and food for these crops has the potential to impact upon both availability and price. In contrast, biomass based BTL Fuel or ethanol produced from ligno-cellulose are 2nd generation bio-fuels. These fuels are made by converting those parts of plants not used in food production. Hence farmers are able to satisfy the needs of both the food and fuels industry from the same land, thus significantly increasing yields per hectare whilst securing an additional source of revenue.
BTL Fuel provides Governments the opportunity to increase domestic energy security, create jobs in agriculture, develop renewable energy, and reduce (well-to-wheel) carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.