Le recyclage des batteries

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Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 30 avr. 2017, 13:08

Le recyclage des batteries pèse déjà 8.1 milliards de $ en 2016 au niveau mondial.
Devrait monter à 11.6 milliards en 2022.

Multi-billion battery recycling market to reach new heights by 2022

April 28, 2017 by Kirstin Linnenkoper

World: The global battery recycling market will be worth US$ 11.83 billion by 2022, up from US$ 8.10 billion last year. This represents a compound annual growth rate of 6.5% over the next five years.


The lead-acid battery chemistry segment led the Battery Recycling Market in 2016 and is projected to be the fastest-growing segment by 2022, according to new data by Markets and Markets. The extensive usage of starting, lighting, and ignition (SLI) batteries and VRLA batteries has further fuelled the growth of the market.

A different report providing a forecast about the same topic claims that growth in the international battery recycling sector may even be as high as 10.96% during the period 2017-2021. This increase is mainly due to the widening lithium supply-demand gap as well as more and more strict legislation support for battery recycling, points out the publication by 360 Market Updates.
http://www.recyclinginternational.com/r ... ights-2022

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 21 août 2018, 20:12

Le Michigan Technological University affirme pouvoir recycler les batteries lithium-ion suivant le procédé décrit ci dessous.
Recycling Li-ion batteries

August 21, 2018

Researchers at Michigan Technological University adapted 20th century mining technologies used to separate metal from ore to improve lithium-ion battery recycling.

The team used mining industry technologies to separate everything in the battery: the casing, metal foils and coatings for the anode and cathode, which includes lithium metal oxide, the most valuable part. The components can be returned to the manufacturer and re-made into new batteries.

The process is also inexpensive and energy efficient.

After trying a range of solvents to liberate the different chemicals, the team turned to water and kerosene.

“We use standard gravity separations to separate copper from aluminum, and we use froth flotation to recover critical materials, including graphite, lithium and cobalt. These mining technologies are the cheapest available, and the infrastructure to implement them already exists,” said Lei Pan, an assistant professor of chemical engineering at Michigan Technological University.

Froth floatation separates hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials. The process involves crushing or grinding a combined material, which is added to water to form a slurry. A collector chemical, in this case kerosene, is added to make the desired material hydrophobic. The slurry is aerated, producing air bubbles to which the hydrophobic material attaches as they rise to the top, forming a froth. The materials remaining in the slurry are referred to as tails or tailings.

In their experiments, the team found that over 90% of anode materials were floated in froth layers, while 10–30% of cathode materials were floated.

The team sees ways to further improve the purity of the separated materials. “For spent lithium-ion batteries, a low purity of cathode materials in tailings might be improved by fine grinding, at which freshly liberated hydrophobic surfaces are exposed and consequently anode materials become floatable,” they said. “The present result confirms that the froth flotation technique is a viable and versatile technique in producing high purity cathode materials from lithium-ion batteries.”
https://semiengineering.com/power-perfo ... ts-aug-21/

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 16 oct. 2018, 07:41


BMW AG ST : BMW s'allie avec Northvolt et Umicore dans les batteries


REUTERS | LE 15/10/2018

Le constructeur automobile allemand BMW s'est associé avec le fabricant suédois de batteries Northvolt et le producteur belge de métaux Umicore dans une coentreprise de recyclage de batteries électriques pour véhicules.


La coentreprise a pour objectif de concevoir et de commercialiser un "circuit fermé" permettant de donner une seconde vie aux batteries avant leur recyclage, ont précisé lundi les trois partenaires.

Les gouvernements européens encouragent les initiatives visant à créer des entreprises susceptibles de rivaliser avec les géants asiatiques des batteries tels que les chinois BYD et CATL, et les sud-coréens Samsung et LG Chem.

BMW, qui se fournit en batteries auprès Samsung et CATL, a déclaré qu'il pourrait à l'avenir s'approvisionner auprès de Northvolt, mais qu'il était prématuré pour le moment d'évoquer un contrat.

Le groupe suédois construit actuellement une usine d'une capacité de batteries de 32 gigawattheures (GWh) par an qui devrait être opérationnelle d'ici 2023.

"Nous avons créé ce consortium parce que nous y voyons un grand potentiel et Northvolt pourrait être un autre fournisseur de cellules de batterie", a déclaré le porte-parole de BMW, Niklas Drechsler, après l'annonce de la coentreprise.

Il a ajouté que Northvolt devait "augmenter et intensifier sa production de cellules de batterie" avant qu'un quelconque contrat d'approvisionnement soit signé.

Northvolt, qui doit lever 1,2 milliard à 1,5 milliard d'euros pour porter sa capacité de production à 8 GWh, a dit vouloir approfondir ses relations avec BMW.

"Nous espérons évidemment que c'est la première étape d'un long partenariat", a déclaré le porte-parole de Northvolt, Jesper Wigardt, ajoutant que la société avait sollicité un prêt de 400 millions d'euros auprès de l'un de ses actionnaires actuels, la Banque européenne d'investissement.

Dans le cadre de leur coentreprise de recyclage, BMW a dit avoir effectué un investissement dont le montant n'a pas été dévoilé.
https://m.investir.lesechos.fr/actualit ... 98517.html

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 29 oct. 2018, 21:41

Avec les Belges de Umicore et des Allemands, je n'ai aucun doute que le sujet va avancer :
95 % de récup en labo du cobalt, nickel et cuivre. Reste à industrialiser la chose.
Audi, Umicore recovering raw materials from traction batteries

October 29, 2018 By Christoph Hammerschmidt

Audi and Umicore have completed phase one of their strategic research cooperation for battery recycling: The two partners are developing a closed circuit for components of high-voltage batteries that can be used again and again. Particularly valuable materials should be available from a raw materials storage site.

Even before the start of the cooperation with Umicore in June 2018, Audi had analyzed the batteries in the plug-in hybrid A3 e-tron car and defined ways for recycling. Together with the material technology experts, the car manufacturer then determined the possible recycling quotas for battery components such as cobalt, nickel and copper. The result: more than 95 percent of these elements can be recovered and reused in laboratory tests.

Now the partners are developing concrete recycling concepts. The focus is on a closed-loop approach. In such a closed cycle, valuable elements from batteries flow into new products at the end of their life cycle and are thus used further.

The Ingolstadt-based carmaker is now applying this approach to the high-voltage batteries in the new Audi e-tron electric car. The aim is to gain insights into the degree of purity of the recovered materials, the recycling rate and the economic feasibility of concepts such as a raw materials bank. Security of supply and shorter distances are the goals.
http://www.smart2zero.com/news/audi-umi ... -batteries

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 18 janv. 2019, 00:34

Le department of Energy US lance un centre de R&D sur le recyclage des batteries lithium.
Aide de 15 millions de dollars.

U.S. Launches Battery Recycling R&D Center To Boost Energy Security

By Tsvetana Paraskova - Jan 17, 2019

U.S. Energy Secretary Rick Perry said on Thursday that the United States is launching a battery recycling research and development (R&D) center, aiming to reduce its reliance on foreign supply of critical minerals such as cobalt and lithium.

“America’s dependence on foreign sources of critical materials undermines our energy security and national security,” Secretary Perry said in a statement.

Together with the Battery Recycling R&D Center, the Department of Energy is also announcing the launch of a Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Prize, whose goal is to develop technologies to profitably capture 90 percent of all lithium-based battery technologies in the United States. Currently, lithium-ion batteries are collected and recycled at a rate of less than 5 percent, according to the DOE.

The recycling contest will award cash prizes of a total of US$5.5 million to contestants who find innovative solutions to collecting, storing, and transporting discarded lithium-ion batteries for eventual recycling, the DOE said.

The United States will invest US$15 million in a Lithium Battery R&D Recycling Center, which will work on cost-effective recycling processes to recover lithium battery materials. The Center will be led by Argonne National Laboratory along with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

The purpose of the prize and R&D center will be to reclaim and recycle critical materials such as cobalt and lithium from lithium-based battery technology used in consumer electronics, defense, energy storage, and transportation applications.

“Critical materials such as lithium and cobalt are both expensive and dependent on foreign sources for production,” the DOE said.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the world’s largest producer of cobalt and mines more than 60 percent of the cobalt globally. The African country has recently declared the mineral a “strategic” commodity and raised royalty rates for mining companies.

The world’s biggest producers of lithium are Australia, Chile, and Argentina, according to the U.S. Geological Survey’s Mineral Commodity Summaries.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... urity.html

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 26 janv. 2019, 17:03

Recyclage des batteries auto : de plus en plus « vert »
Bernard DEBOYSER / 23 Jan 2019

Nos confrères du site electrive.net ont eu l’occasion de visiter l’usine de recyclage des batteries de véhicules électrifiés exploitée par la société allemande Duesenfeld. Et ils ont pu se rendre compte que le procédé utilisé dans cette entreprise est moins énergivore et moins émetteur de gaz à effets de serre que les technologies utilisées le plus souvent jusqu’ici pour recycler les piles et les accumulateurs. Une bonne nouvelle pour le climat.

........
Lire le reportage https://www.automobile-propre.com/recyc ... plus-vert/

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 31 mars 2019, 15:56

Les Finlandais Fortum Recycling and Waste et Crisolteq travaillent sur le recyclage des batteries Lithium. Ils pretendent arriver à 80 % de recyclage.
Bon en fait l'article est assez creux quand au détail du process.


Finnish innovation boosts battery recycling rate to over 80%
March 25, 2019 reve
Electrification will rapidly increase the need for batteries. A new solution by Nordic clean energy company Fortum makes over 80% of the electric vehicle (EV) battery recyclable, returns the scarce metals back into circulation and resolves the sustainability gap by reducing the need to mine cobalt, nickel, and other metals.

“There are very few working, economically viable technologies for recycling the majority of materials used in lithium-ion batteries. We saw a challenge that was not yet solved and developed a scalable recycling solution for all industries using batteries,” says Kalle Saarimaa, Vice President, Fortum Recycling and Waste.

According to one forecast by the International Energy Agency, the number of electric vehicles (EVs) on the world’s roads will increase from 3 million to 125 million by 2030. Batteries powering electric vehicles consume huge amounts of plastics, metals and scarce minerals. The current EU regulation on the recycling rate for batteries is only 50% of the total weight of the battery. That is not enough to capture the valuable materials in the batteries.

A new kind of recycling solution

Fortum achieves the high recycling rate of 80% with a low-CO2 hydrometallurgical recycling process. The batteries are first made safe for mechanical treatment, with plastics, aluminium and copper separated and directed to their own recycling processes.

The chemical and mineral components of the battery form a ‘black mass’ that typically consists of a mixture of lithium, manganese, cobalt and nickel in different ratios. Of these, nickel and especially cobalt are the most valuable, but also difficult to recover.

Fortum has a unique recovery process, involving chemical precipitation methodology that allows these minerals to be recovered and delivered to battery manufacturers to be reused in producing new batteries. This technology was developed by the Finnish growth company Crisolteq.

Most of today’s recycling solutions for EV batteries are not able to recover these scarce metals. Together with Crisolteq, Fortum already has a hydrometallurgical recycling facility in Harjavalta, Finland, where the black mass is treated on an industrial scale.

“Circular economy in its strictest sense means recycling an element to its original function or purpose. When we discuss the recycling of lithium-ion batteries, the ultimate aim is for the majority of the battery’s components to be recycled to new batteries,” Saarimaa continues.

Fortum is also piloting so-called ‘second life’ applications for batteries; in these applications, the EV batteries are used in stationary energy storages after they are no longer fit for their original purpose.

Scarce minerals back into circulation

If the forecasts on the increase in the number of EVs by 2030 hold true, it would mean an 800% increase in the demand for nickel and manganese and a 150% increase in the demand for cobalt for the production of new batteries. These scarce metals are mined from very few locations, and mining them would increase the greenhouse gas emissions from their production by 500%.

Using recycled materials reduces also the CO2 emissions from battery production up to 90%.

“Limited availability and the environmental impacts of mining mean that recycling these scarce elements back to battery manufacturing is key to reducing the environmental impacts of battery use throughout the lifecycle. If we don’t get the materials back into circulation, we will run out of materials,” concludes Saarimaa.


Join the change for a cleaner world

Achieving a true circular economy for batteries depends on synergic partnerships with battery manufacturers, the car industry, recycling companies and start-ups. The EU can also play a significant role in setting ambitious recycling targets for batteries. Fortum’s invitation to “Join the change for a cleaner world” goes out to everyone committed to solving the sustainability challenges related to using, manufacturing and recycling batteries.
https://www.evwind.es/2019/03/25/major- ... r-80/66521

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Re: Le recyclage des batteries

Message par energy_isere » 17 avr. 2019, 01:58

Has Tesla Solved The World’s Battery Recycling Problem?

By Irina Slav - Apr 16, 2019

Tesla has announced it has developed a unique battery recycling system at its Nevada gigafactory that can maximize the recovery of critical battery minerals including lithium and cobalt, the company said in its 2018 Impact Report.

According to the report, “Through this system, the recovery of critical minerals such as lithium and cobalt will be maximized along with the recovery of all metals used in the battery cell, such as copper, aluminum and steel. All of these materials will be recovered in forms optimized for new battery material production.”

The battery recycling problem that the world is facing has come to light only recently as sales of electric vehicles pick up strongly and as forecasts almost invariably point to an acceleration of this trend in the years to come. Since batteries don’t have an infinite life, this means the battery load for recycling will also increase substantially, which has sparked a race in recycling technologies.

Earlier this year, a Finnish company, for example, announced that it had reached a recycling rate of 80 percent for EV batteries using a hydrometallurgical recycling process with a low CO2 footprint. According to the company, Fortum, the technology could be used for all industries using batteries.

The battery recycling market could reach a size of about US$23 billion a year by 2025 thanks to the increased adoption of EVs, Reuters noted in a recent report on the topic. This makes recycling technologies that can recover most of the metals and minerals used in lithium ion batteries all the hotter given that recycling is much easier on the environment in terms of carbon emissions than the mining of new minerals to be used in new batteries.

As per the Tesla report, “The closed-loop battery recycling process at Gigafactory 1 presents a compelling solution to move energy supply away from the fossil-fuel based practice of take, make and burn, to a more circular model of recycling end-of-life batteries for reuse over and over again.”

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com
https://oilprice.com/Latest-Energy-News ... oblem.html

Bon, on attend plus d'arguments convaincants de Tesla.

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