Le Gaz de Qatar

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par energy_isere » 13 déc. 2010, 13:17

La Quatar est le premier exportateur mondial de Gaz liquéfié.

Les autorités du Qatar organisent une "féte" pour celebrer les 77 millions de tonnes de capacité et la fin des projets des "trains" de liquéfaction prévus, à Ras Laffan.
Qatar today celebrates its landmark achievement of producing 77mn tonnes of LNG per annum

Qatar has reached a key milestone in the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry by achieving 77mn tonnes annual export capacity and a customer network in all corners of the world.

........

Currently, Qatar is the world’s largest exporter and tran-shipper of liquefied natural gas. The 77mn tonnes per year (tpy) capacity is met by 14 trains, seven each at Qatargas and RasGas.
Six of these are “mega trains”, each with a 7.8mn tpy annual capacity.
At the peak of their capacity, Qatargas contracted LNG exports would reach 40mn tpy and RasGas 37mn tpy.
Qatar’s North Field, discovered in 1971, is the largest non-associated gas field in the world, with proven reserves estimated at more than 902tn cu ft (tcf), the equivalent of about 162bn barrels of oil. Qatar also holds the world’s third largest gas reserves after Russia and Iran.
Since the first drop of LNG was produced 14 years ago, Qatar has grown its capacity steadily, realising the vision of HH the Emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani.
Qatar has set up a world-class port at Ras Laffan to reach LNG to customers around the world. Ras Laffan Port began operations in September 1996. Since then, the port and its berth facilities have been improved significantly.
With four operational LNG berths, Ras Laffan Port is already the world’s top liquefied natural gas exporting facility.

.............

Qatar formally celebrates its landmark achievement at a high-profile ceremony that will be held at the Ras Laffan Industrial City (RLC).
http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/a ... rent_id=56

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 24 mars 2011, 14:08

suite de ce post : http://forums.oleocene.org/phpBB3/viewt ... 29#p234029
Pearl GTL : la plus grande usine de transformation

Pearl GTL a indiqué mercredi qu'il traitera environ 3 milliards de barils d'équivalent-pétrole au cours de son cycle de vie depuis le plus grand gisement de gaz mondial, le North Field dans le Golfe Persique.
Ce gisement s'étend depuis la côte du Qatar et contient plus de 900 trillions de pieds cubiques de gaz, équivalant à 150 milliards de barils de pétrole, soit plus de 10 % des ressources gazières mondiales.*

L'usine de transformation des gaz en liquides (GTL) - un co-développement de Qatar Petroleum et Shell - qui possède une capacité de 260 000 barils équivalent-pétrole augmentera la production mondiale de Shell de quasiment 8 %. Ses premières livraisons sont prévues en 2011, avant d'atteindre une production optimale en 2012.

Image

"Nous sommes sur le point de lancer un projet qui formera la base de la croissance future de Shell pour les décennies à venir", a déclaré le Président national de Shell au Qatar, Andy Brown. "Pour le Qatar, cela représente un nouveau moyen de générer des revenus grâce aux réserves gazières, en plus de la vente de gaz naturel liquéfié et de gazoduc. Cette usine diversifiera les flux de recettes du pays et créera des revenus à long terme."

L'usine produira du carburant d'aviation, du gazole "plus propres", des huiles pour les lubrifiants avancés, du naphtha utilisé pour fabriquer des matières plastiques et de la paraffine pour les détergents. Elle fabriquera assez de gazole pour remplir plus de 160 000 voitures par jour et assez d'huile synthétique chaque année pour fabriquer des lubrifiants pour plus de 225 millions de voitures.

Image

...............
http://www.enerzine.com/12/11653+pearl- ... -gaz+.html

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 04 mai 2011, 13:51

Premiére injection de Gaz pour l' Usine PEARL. qui doit fabriquer du GTL
Qatar Petroleum and operator Shell have announced the first flow of dedicated offshore gas into the Pearl GTL plant, in Ras Laffan Industrial City, Qatar.

Shell has opened natural gas wells offshore allowing the first sour gas to flow through a subsea pipeline into the onshore plant. Pearl GTL comprises two offshore platforms 60km off the Qatar coast, connected by pipeline to the gas to liquids (GTL) plant. It will eventually produce 1.6bn cubic feet of gas per day, which will be processed to generate 120k bpd of condensate and natural gas liquids and 140k bpd of GTL products.
dans http://www.theengineer.co.uk/channels/p ... 78.article

On attend impatiement les premiers Gallons de carburants. :smt035

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 29 juin 2011, 14:31

La page Wikipedia en Anglais sur le projet PEARL : viewtopic.php?p=290244#p290244

Couts estimés en 2007 à 18 milliards de $, qui pourraient finalement monter à 24 milliards de $.....

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 29 juin 2011, 14:37

Les voila les premiers Gallons de carburants de GTL !
Qatar marks first GTL plant shipment

June, 14 2011

Doha: Qatar has sold its first commercial shipment of GTL gasoil from the Shell-operated Pearl gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant, the largest energy project ever launched by the country.

The sale marks the start of production of GTL products as Qatar and Shell begin to receive revenue from the project, located in Qatar's Ras Laffan Industrial City.

Production will ramp up from the first production unit of the Pearl GTL project over the coming months, with the second train expected to start up before the end of the year.
source : http://gulfnews.com/business/oil-gas/qa ... t-1.821189

et ca n' est pas quelques Gallons, mais un tanker complet selon The Wall Street Journal :
Shell: First Cargo Leaves Flagship Qatar Gas-To-Liquid Plant

LONDON (Dow Jones)--Royal Dutch Shell PLC (RDSB.LN) said Monday it has shipped the first cargo of gasoil manufactured from natural gas at its flagship Pearl Gas-To-Liquids plant in Qatar.

The sale of the first cargo from Pearl is an important milestone for Shell. Pearl is Shell's most expensive project and will be by far the largest GTL plant in the world when it reaches full production. It is also expected to be highly profitable because oil products like gasoil currently sell at very large premium over natural gas.

"Over the coming months, production will ramp up from the first production unit of the Pearl GTL project," said Shell in a statement. "The second train is expected to start up before the end of 2011. The plant is expected to reach full production capacity by the middle of 2012."

At full capacity, Pearl is expected to produce 1.6 billion cubic feet of gas per day from Qatar's North Field, which will be processed to deliver 120,000 barrels per day of condensate, liquefied petroleum gas and ethane, and 140,000 barrels per day of high quality gas-to-liquids fuels and lubricants.
http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-201 ... 01284.html

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 29 juin 2011, 14:40

en plus détaillé par Bloomberg :
Shell Sells First Gasoil From Pearl Gas-to-Liquids Plant

June 13, 2011 Bloomberg

Royal Dutch Shell Plc said it sold the first cargo of gasoil produced from the world’s biggest plant that converts natural gas into liquid fuels.

The $19 billion Pearl gas-to-liquids plant, built in the Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar, will reach full capacity by the middle of 2012, when it is expected to convert 1.6 billion cubic feet of natural gas a day into kerosene, gasoil, base oils, paraffin and naphtha, Shell said today in a statement.

Pearl would generate about $6 billion a year in profit for Shell assuming oil at $70 a barrel, Andrew Brown, the company’s executive vice president for the country, said last year. Pearl and a Qatari gas liquefaction plant that started earlier this year may account for 10 percent of the company’s output when both are fully operational.

“Today’s milestone provides further evidence that innovative technology and strong partnerships can help meet the world’s growing need for energy,” Shell Chief Executive Officer Peter Voser said in today’s statement.

Shell plans to boost output by 11 percent between 2009 and 2012 on new projects in the Middle East, Brazil and Australia.

Gas-to-liquids plants such as Pearl produce fuels that would normally be made in an oil refinery and hence benefit when natural gas is cheaper than crude. Oil is close to four times more expensive than gas on an energy equivalent basis and was a record five times more expensive in April, based on New York futures prices.

Less Sulfur

Pearl will have the capacity to produce 140,000 barrels a day of liquid fuels normally produced in a refinery such as gasoil as well as 120,000 barrels a day of condensate and liquid petroleum gas, byproducts of natural-gas production.

Gasoil produced at Pearl has less sulfur than the fuel produced in a refinery and most will be mixed with conventional diesel as “a high quality blend component,” according to Shell’s website
.

Qatar, holder of the world’s third-largest gas reserves, also hosts the 34,000 barrel-a-day Oryx GTL, a venture between state-run Qatar Petroleum and South Africa’s Sasol Ltd., and the world’s second-largest gas-to-liquids plant.
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-0 ... plant.html

Il est clair qu' avec un baril maintenant dans les 100$ , ca va étre un investissement trés juteux pour SHELL.

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 01 sept. 2011, 15:32

Le Japon augmente de 53% sa demande de Gaz Naturel liquéfié en provenance du Qatar.

Pour essayer de compenser la production électrique du nuke perdu du Japon.
Qatar LNG exports to Japan up

Qatar is about to overtake Indonesia as the third-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas to Japan, which has been increasing LNG imports to generate electricity to offset capacity lost due to the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.
Japan, the world largest LNG buyer, imported 870,072 metric tonnes of LNG from Qatar in July, up 53% on year, finance ministry data showed yesterday.
During the same month, Japan imported 731,557 tonnes of LNG from Indonesia, down 36% from a year earlier, the data showed.
In the first seven months of this year, Japan bought 5.64mn tonnes of LNG from Qatar and 6.33mn tonnes from Indonesia, up 28% and down 15% from a year earlier, respectively.

.........
http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/a ... rent_id=56

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Re: Re:

Message par energy_isere » 29 sept. 2011, 12:35

Le Qatar ambitionne une grosse augmentation de production de Gaz en 2012.
Qatar gas output may hit 120mn tonnes soon

By Pratap John/Washington

Qatar’s gas production may scale up to 120mn tonnes per year (tpy) in 2012 in view of the rising domestic and international demand for natural gas, a QNB Capital study shows.
The country’s gas production stood at 86mn tpy in 2010, QNB Capital said in its “Qatar Economic Insight”.
The rising gas production will be a key driver of the real GDP growth in 2011-12.
However, the scale of investment in the development of the gas sector has slowed and LNG and GTL should both achieve their currently planned peak production levels in 2012.
There is a moratorium on new gas for LNG exports while a study is carried out to reassess the reserves of the North Field on the basis of Qatar fulfilling its current LNG commitments. Further growth in gas production will only be for domestic use, pending the study’s results.
Qatar Petroleum (QP) has a number of ventures, including Qatargas and RasGas, which between them operate 14 LNG export trains.
When Qatargas’ seventh train was commissioned in February 2011, Qatar’s LNG production capacity reached 77.1mn tpy. This was more than double the capacity of 31mn tpy in 2008.
Five new LNG trains have been commissioned since 2008. Many foreign companies are involved as joint-venture partners in various LNG projects. For example, ExxonMobil is a prominent stakeholder in Qatargas and RasGas.
LNG exports are sold through sales and purchase agreements (SPAs) that have been contracted with companies in a number of countries. The purchasing companies often take a small equity stake in the trains providing their LNG. Korea Gas Corporation, the state natural gas company of South Korea, has a 5% stake in RasGas I.

The LNG market was initially characterised by long-term contracts, which locked the buyer and seller in at an agreed price. This was to cover the high investment costs required to construct LNG production, transport and regassification facilities.
In recent years, more LNG infrastructure has been constructed around the world. This has included storage facilities, such as the Fluxys terminal in Zeebruge, Belgium, which can store about 0.14mn tonnes of LNG (about three shiploads), and a terminal is under construction in Singapore with 0.25mn tonnes of storage capacity.
The expansion of LNG infrastructure has increased the scope for flexibility in gas contracts and for contracts to shift from long-term to medium-term, QNB Capital said.
The vast majority of Qatar’s LNG is still sold through SPAs, rather than on-the-spot market. However, the SPAs now include clauses with more price flexibility and that allow for cargoes to be diverted if the buyer is oversupplied. This flexibility has helped Qatar to explore new markets and investment opportunities in regassification terminals, which can receive Qatar’s exports.
Qatar has also entered new markets, signing a long-term agreement with Argentina, and is sending LNG cargoes to Brazil. Qatar is looking at other potential export markets in South America and the Caribbean.

According to Cedigaz data, Qatar exported 55.7mn tonnes of LNG in 2010. The top four LNG destinations in 2010 were: the UK (10.2mn tonnes), India (7.7mn tonnes), South Korea (7.5mn tonnes) and Japan (7.5mn tonnes).
http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/a ... rent_id=56

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par Alturiak » 30 sept. 2011, 22:49

Quelqu'un saurait-il expliquer la forme en créneaux des gazoducs visibles sur la photo suivante (extraite de ce précédent post) ?
Image

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par Philippe » 30 sept. 2011, 23:13

Ce sont des "lyres de dilatation". Ca permet de mieux encaisser les contraintes lors de la dilatation et de la contraction thermiques des tubes.

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par energy_isere » 04 oct. 2011, 13:20

Le Quatar interessé à de futurs éventuels investisssement à faire dans le Gaz liquéfié en Australie.
LNG giant Qatar eyes investment in rival Australia

(Reuters) 3 October 2011

DOHA - Qatar is planning to tighten its grip on the liquefied natural gas supplies vital for Asian economic growth by possibly buying into an Australian export boom that poses the only serious challenge to its place as the world’s top LNG exporter.

Facing self-imposed production limits on its own vast gas reserves, Qatar is looking abroad to invest some of its hundreds of billions of dollars of fuel export earnings. It may well target Australia, the one country that import-dependent Asian buyers are banking on to reduce their reliance on Qatari LNG.

“It is something that is being looked at seriously, and in all likelihood will be the next move made,” a senior source at state-run Qatar Petroleum told Reuters, declining to be named because of the sensitivity of the issue.

.............
http://www.khaleejtimes.com/biz/inside. ... n=business

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par energy_isere » 24 nov. 2011, 13:49

suite de ce post viewtopic.php?p=297133#p297133

L' usine de Gaz to Liquid Pearl qui avait démaré en Juin de cette année vient d' étre inaugurée officiellment par l' émir du Qatar.

Qatar opens huge natural gas plant

Pearl GTL project was launched in 2006 with Royal Dutch Shell

Published Tuesday, November 22, 2011

European energy giant Royal Dutch Shell says Qatar's emir has inaugurated a huge facility to convert natural gas into liquid fuel.

The official launch on Tuesday caps years of work on the Pearl Gas-to-Liquids project at the industrial city of Ras Laffan in the gas-rich nation.

Shell says the facility began operation in the first quarter of this year, with additional production capacity brought online this month.

Shell and state-run Qatar Petroleum launched the Pearl GTL project in 2006.

Shell is funding the project, which aims to eventually produce the equivalent of 260,000 barrels a day of liquid fuels and other related products. It estimates Pearl will cost $18 billion to $19 billion to complete.

Image
http://www.emirates247.com/business/ene ... 2-1.429651

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par mahiahi » 24 nov. 2011, 14:10

Mais ils continuent à torcher...
Ne sois pas charlot!

Dieu se rit des hommes qui déplorent les effets dont ils chérissent les causes (Bossuet)

Ce que nous n'avions pas anticipé, c'est que cette crise allait durer plus longtemps que prévu (François Hollande)

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par energy_isere » 09 déc. 2011, 19:35

Lors du 20iéme congrés mondial du pétrole à Doha, Qatar et Shell annoncent un projet pétrochimique de 6.5 milliards de $ au Qatar.
80 % des parts au Qatar, 20% à Shell.

L' usine devrait produire annuellement 1.5 million de tonnes de mono-ethylene glycol et 300 000 tonnes d' autres produits.

Qatar, Shell to develop $6.5-billion petrochemical plant

Dec. 04, 2011

Qatar and Royal Dutch Shell PLC signed a tentative deal Sunday to jointly develop a $6.5-billion (U.S.) petrochemicals complex, deepening ties between the tiny Gulf nation and Europe’s largest oil company.

The agreement will give government-run Qatar Petroleum an 80-per-cent stake in the facility being built in Ras Laffan Industrial City in the north of Qatar. Shell will hold the remaining 20 per cent.

The plant aims to turn Qatar’s vast natural gas reserves into petrochemical products that the companies expect to sell mainly to fast-growing Asian markets. Qatar sits atop the world’s third-largest natural gas reserves, and exports more liquefied natural gas than any other country.

Qatar’s Energy Minister, Mohammed bin Saleh Al-Sada, said the Shell project is part of the OPEC member’s strategy of building its chemicals industry “and represents an important milestone on our journey to become a significant global petrochemicals producer.”

Al-Sada and Shell’s chief executive signed the “heads of agreement” pact in the Qatari capital Doha shortly before this week’s petroleum industry conference began there. That kind of agreement typically lays out the broad terms of a partnership but is not usually legally binding.

The plant aims to produce up to 1.5 million tons of mono-ethylene glycol, which is commonly used in antifreeze products, and 300,000 tons of the industrial chemicals known as linear alpha olefins per year.

Al-Sada estimated the project will cost roughly $6.5-billion, though he cautioned that the final figure be different. He said the project is due to begin operation in 2017.

Shell and Qatar Petroleum signed a lower-level agreement to explore the possibility of the petrochemicals project last December.

Shell is among the most active energy companies in Qatar.

Qatar’s ruler last month inaugurated Shell’s huge Pearl Gas-to-Liquids plant near the proposed petrochemical plant site to convert natural gas into liquid fuel. The Anglo-Dutch oil major also partners with Qatar Petroleum on a liquefied natural gas plant nearby.
http://m.theglobeandmail.com/report-on- ... ice=mobile

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Re: Le Gaz de Qatar

Message par energy_isere » 25 juin 2012, 17:28

Image

Air&Cosmos du 22 Juin 2012

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